lighttpd 1.4.x https://www.lighttpd.net/
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/*
* request - HTTP request processing
*
* Fully-rewritten from original
* Copyright(c) 2018 Glenn Strauss gstrauss()gluelogic.com All rights reserved
* License: BSD 3-clause (same as lighttpd)
*/
#include "first.h"
#include "request.h"
#include "burl.h"
#include "http_header.h"
#include "http_kv.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "sock_addr.h"
#include <limits.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
static int request_check_hostname(buffer * const host) {
/*
* hostport = host [ ":" port ]
* host = hostname | IPv4address | IPv6address
* hostname = *( domainlabel "." ) toplabel [ "." ]
* domainlabel = alphanum | alphanum *( alphanum | "-" ) alphanum
* toplabel = alpha | alpha *( alphanum | "-" ) alphanum
* IPv4address = 1*digit "." 1*digit "." 1*digit "." 1*digit
* IPv6address = "[" ... "]"
* port = *digit
*/
const char *h = host->ptr;
if (*h != '[') {
uint32_t len = buffer_clen(host);
const char * const colon = memchr(h, ':', len);
uint32_t hlen = colon ? (uint32_t)(colon - h) : len;
/* if hostname ends in ".", strip it */
if (__builtin_expect( (0 == hlen), 0)) return -1;
if (__builtin_expect( (h[hlen-1] == '.'), 0)) {
/* shift port info one left */
if (--hlen == 0) return -1;
--len;
if (NULL != colon)
memmove(host->ptr+hlen, colon, len - hlen);
buffer_truncate(host, len);
}
int label_len = 0;
int allnumeric = 1;
int numeric = 1;
int level = 0;
for (uint32_t i = 0; i < hlen; ++i) {
const int ch = h[i];
++label_len;
if (light_isdigit(ch))
continue;
else if ((light_isalpha(ch) || (ch == '-' && i != 0)))
numeric = 0;
else if (ch == '.' && 1 != label_len && '-' != h[i+1]) {
allnumeric &= numeric;
numeric = 1;
label_len = 0;
++level;
}
else
return -1;
}
/* (if last segment numeric, then IPv4 and must have 4 numeric parts) */
if (0 == label_len || (numeric && (level != 3 || !allnumeric)))
return -1;
h += hlen;
}
else { /* IPv6 address */
/* check the address inside [...]; note: not fully validating */
/* (note: not allowing scoped literals, e.g. %eth0 suffix) */
++h; /* step past '[' */
int cnt = 0;
while (light_isxdigit(*h) || *h == '.' || (*h == ':' && ++cnt < 8)) ++h;
/*(invalid char, too many ':', missing ']', or empty "[]")*/
if (*h != ']' || h - host->ptr == 1) return -1;
++h; /* step past ']' */
}
/* check numerical port, if present */
if (*h == ':') {
if (__builtin_expect( (h[1] == '\0'), 0)) /*(remove trailing colon)*/
buffer_truncate(host, h - host->ptr);
do { ++h; } while (light_isdigit(*h));
}
return (*h == '\0') ? 0 : -1;
}
int http_request_host_normalize(buffer * const b, const int scheme_port) {
/*
* check for and canonicalize numeric IP address and portnum (optional)
* (IP address may be followed by ":portnum" (optional))
* - IPv6: "[...]"
* - IPv4: "x.x.x.x"
* - IPv4: 12345678 (32-bit decimal number)
* - IPv4: 012345678 (32-bit octal number)
* - IPv4: 0x12345678 (32-bit hex number)
*
* allow any chars (except ':' and '\0' and stray '[' or ']')
* (other code may check chars more strictly or more pedantically)
* ':' delimits (optional) port at end of string
* "[]" wraps IPv6 address literal
* '\0' should have been rejected earlier were it present
*
* any chars includes, but is not limited to:
* - allow '-' any where, even at beginning of word
* (security caution: might be confused for cmd flag if passed to shell)
* - allow all-digit TLDs
* (might be mistaken for IPv4 addr by inet_aton()
* unless non-digits appear in subdomain)
*/
/* Note: not using getaddrinfo() since it does not support "[]" around IPv6
* and is not as lenient as inet_aton() and inet_addr() for IPv4 strings.
* Not using inet_pton() (when available) on IPv4 for similar reasons. */
const char * const p = b->ptr;
const size_t blen = buffer_clen(b);
long port = 0;
if (*p != '[') {
char * const colon = (char *)memchr(p, ':', blen);
if (colon) {
if (*p == ':') return -1; /*(empty host then port, or naked IPv6)*/
if (colon[1] != '\0') {
char *e;
port = strtol(colon+1, &e, 0); /*(allow decimal, octal, hex)*/
if (0 < port && port <= USHRT_MAX && *e == '\0') {
/* valid port */
} else {
return -1;
}
} /*(else ignore stray colon at string end)*/
buffer_truncate(b, (size_t)(colon - p)); /*(remove port str)*/
}
if (light_isdigit(*p)) do {
/* (IPv4 address literal or domain starting w/ digit (e.g. 3com))*/
/* (check one-element cache of normalized IPv4 address string) */
static struct { char s[INET_ADDRSTRLEN]; size_t n; } laddr;
size_t n = colon ? (size_t)(colon - p) : blen;
sock_addr addr;
if (n == laddr.n && 0 == memcmp(p, laddr.s, n)) break;
if (1 == sock_addr_inet_pton(&addr, p, AF_INET, 0)) {
sock_addr_inet_ntop_copy_buffer(b, &addr);
n = buffer_clen(b);
if (n < sizeof(laddr.s)) memcpy(laddr.s, b->ptr, (laddr.n = n));
}
} while (0);
} else do { /* IPv6 addr */
#if defined(HAVE_IPV6) && defined(HAVE_INET_PTON)
/* (check one-element cache of normalized IPv4 address string) */
static struct { char s[INET6_ADDRSTRLEN]; size_t n; } laddr;
sock_addr addr;
char *bracket = b->ptr+blen-1;
char *percent = strchr(b->ptr+1, '%');
size_t len;
int rc;
char buf[INET6_ADDRSTRLEN+16]; /*(+16 for potential %interface name)*/
if (blen <= 2) return -1; /*(invalid "[]")*/
if (*bracket != ']') {
bracket = (char *)memchr(b->ptr+1, ']', blen-1);
if (NULL == bracket || bracket[1] != ':' || bracket - b->ptr == 1){
return -1;
}
if (bracket[2] != '\0') { /*(ignore stray colon at string end)*/
char *e;
port = strtol(bracket+2, &e, 0); /*(allow decimal, octal, hex)*/
if (0 < port && port <= USHRT_MAX && *e == '\0') {
/* valid port */
} else {
return -1;
}
}
}
len = (size_t)((percent ? percent : bracket) - (b->ptr+1));
if (laddr.n == len && 0 == memcmp(laddr.s, b->ptr+1, len)) {
/* truncate after ']' and re-add normalized port, if needed */
buffer_truncate(b, (size_t)(bracket - b->ptr + 1));
break;
}
*bracket = '\0';/*(terminate IPv6 string)*/
if (percent) *percent = '\0'; /*(remove %interface from address)*/
rc = sock_addr_inet_pton(&addr, b->ptr+1, AF_INET6, 0);
if (percent) *percent = '%'; /*(restore %interface)*/
*bracket = ']'; /*(restore bracket)*/
if (1 != rc) return -1;
sock_addr_inet_ntop(&addr, buf, sizeof(buf));
len = strlen(buf);
if (percent) {
if (percent > bracket) return -1;
if (len + (size_t)(bracket - percent) >= sizeof(buf)) return -1;
if (len < sizeof(laddr.s)) memcpy(laddr.s, buf, (laddr.n = len));
memcpy(buf+len, percent, (size_t)(bracket - percent));
len += (size_t)(bracket - percent);
}
buffer_truncate(b, 1); /* truncate after '[' */
buffer_append_str2(b, buf, len, CONST_STR_LEN("]"));
#else
return -1;
#endif
} while (0);
if (0 != port && port != scheme_port) {
buffer_append_string_len(b, CONST_STR_LEN(":"));
buffer_append_int(b, (int)port);
}
return 0;
}
int http_request_host_policy (buffer * const b, const unsigned int http_parseopts, const int scheme_port) {
/* caller should lowercase, as is done in http_request_header_set_Host(),
* for consistency in case the value is used prior to calling policy func */
/*buffer_to_lower(b);*/
return (((http_parseopts & HTTP_PARSEOPT_HOST_STRICT)
&& 0 != request_check_hostname(b))
|| ((http_parseopts & HTTP_PARSEOPT_HOST_NORMALIZE)
&& 0 != http_request_host_normalize(b, scheme_port)));
}
__attribute_const__
static int request_uri_is_valid_char(const unsigned char c) {
return (c > 32 && c != 127 && c != 255);
}
__attribute_cold__
__attribute_noinline__
static int http_request_header_line_invalid(request_st * const restrict r, const int status, const char * const restrict msg) {
if (r->conf.log_request_header_on_error) {
if (msg) log_error(r->conf.errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "%s", msg);
}
return status;
}
__attribute_cold__
__attribute_noinline__
static int http_request_header_char_invalid(request_st * const restrict r, const char ch, const char * const restrict msg) {
if (r->conf.log_request_header_on_error) {
if ((unsigned char)ch > 32 && ch != 127) {
log_error(r->conf.errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "%s ('%c')", msg, ch);
}
else {
log_error(r->conf.errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "%s (0x%x)", msg, ch);
}
}
return 400;
}
__attribute_noinline__
static void http_request_header_set_Host(request_st * const restrict r, const char * const h, size_t hlen)
{
r->http_host = http_header_request_set_ptr(r, HTTP_HEADER_HOST,
CONST_STR_LEN("Host"));
buffer_copy_string_len_lc(r->http_host, h, hlen);
}
int64_t
li_restricted_strtoint64 (const char *v, const uint32_t vlen, const char ** const err)
{
/* base 10 strtoll() parsing exactly vlen chars and requiring digits 0-9 */
/* rejects negative numbers and considers values > INT64_MAX an error */
/* note: errno is not set; detect error if *err != v+vlen upon return */
/*(caller must check 0 == vlen if that is to be an error for caller)*/
int64_t rv = 0;
uint32_t i;
for (i = 0; i < vlen; ++i) {
const uint8_t c = ((uint8_t *)v)[i] - '0'; /*(unsigned; underflow ok)*/
if (c > 9) break;
if (rv > INT64_MAX/10) break;
rv *= 10;
if (rv > INT64_MAX - c) break;
rv += c;
}
*err = v+i;
return rv;
}
__attribute_cold__
static int http_request_parse_duplicate(request_st * const restrict r, const enum http_header_e id, const char * const restrict k, const size_t klen, const char * const restrict v, const size_t vlen) {
/* Proxies sometimes send dup headers
* if they are the same we ignore the second
* if not, we raise an error */
const buffer * const vb = http_header_request_get(r, id, k, klen);
if (vb && buffer_eq_icase_slen(vb, v, vlen))
return 0; /* ignore header; matches existing header */
const char *errmsg;
switch (id) {
case HTTP_HEADER_HOST:
errmsg = "duplicate Host header -> 400";
break;
case HTTP_HEADER_CONTENT_TYPE:
errmsg = "duplicate Content-Type header -> 400";
break;
case HTTP_HEADER_IF_MODIFIED_SINCE:
errmsg = "duplicate If-Modified-Since header -> 400";
break;
default:
errmsg = "duplicate header -> 400";
break;
}
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400, errmsg);
}
/* add header to list of headers
* certain headers are also parsed
* might drop a header if deemed unnecessary/broken
*
* returns 0 on success, HTTP status on error
*/
static int http_request_parse_single_header(request_st * const restrict r, const enum http_header_e id, const char * const restrict k, const size_t klen, const char * const restrict v, const size_t vlen) {
/*
* Note: k might not be '\0'-terminated
* Note: v is not '\0'-terminated
* With lighttpd HTTP/1.1 parser, v ends with whitespace
* (one of '\r' '\n' ' ' '\t')
* With lighttpd HTTP/2 parser, v should not be accessed beyond vlen
* (care must be taken to avoid libc funcs which expect z-strings)
*/
/*assert(vlen);*//*(caller must not call this func with 0 klen or 0 vlen)*/
switch (id) {
/*case HTTP_HEADER_OTHER:*/
default:
break;
case HTTP_HEADER_HOST:
if (!light_btst(r->rqst_htags, HTTP_HEADER_HOST)) {
if (vlen >= 1024) { /*(expecting < 256)*/
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400, "uri-authority too long -> 400");
}
/*(http_request_header_append() plus sets r->http_host)*/
http_request_header_set_Host(r, v, vlen);
return 0;
}
else if (NULL != r->http_host
&& __builtin_expect( buffer_eq_slen(r->http_host,v,vlen), 1)) {
/* ignore all Host: headers if match authority in request line */
/* (expect Host to match case in :authority of HTTP/2 request) */
return 0; /* ignore header */
}
else {
return http_request_parse_duplicate(r, id, k, klen, v, vlen);
}
break;
case HTTP_HEADER_CONNECTION:
/* "Connection: close" is common case if header is present */
if ((vlen == 5 && buffer_eq_icase_ssn(v, CONST_STR_LEN("close")))
|| http_header_str_contains_token(v,vlen,CONST_STR_LEN("close"))) {
r->keep_alive = 0;
break;
}
if (http_header_str_contains_token(v,vlen,CONST_STR_LEN("keep-alive"))){
r->keep_alive = 1;
break;
}
break;
case HTTP_HEADER_CONTENT_TYPE:
if (light_btst(r->rqst_htags, HTTP_HEADER_CONTENT_TYPE)) {
return http_request_parse_duplicate(r, id, k, klen, v, vlen);
}
break;
case HTTP_HEADER_IF_NONE_MATCH:
/* if dup, only the first one will survive */
if (light_btst(r->rqst_htags, HTTP_HEADER_IF_NONE_MATCH)) {
return 0; /* ignore header */
}
break;
case HTTP_HEADER_CONTENT_LENGTH:
if (!light_btst(r->rqst_htags, HTTP_HEADER_CONTENT_LENGTH)) {
/*(trailing whitespace was removed from vlen)*/
/*(not using strtoll() since v might not be z-string)*/
const char *err;
off_t clen = (off_t)li_restricted_strtoint64(v, vlen, &err);
if (err == v+vlen) {
/* (set only if not set to -1 by Transfer-Encoding: chunked) */
if (0 == r->reqbody_length) r->reqbody_length = clen;
}
else {
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400, "invalid Content-Length header -> 400");
}
}
else {
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400, "duplicate Content-Length header -> 400");
}
break;
case HTTP_HEADER_HTTP2_SETTINGS:
if (light_btst(r->rqst_htags, HTTP_HEADER_HTTP2_SETTINGS)) {
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400, "duplicate HTTP2-Settings header -> 400");
}
break;
case HTTP_HEADER_IF_MODIFIED_SINCE:
if (light_btst(r->rqst_htags, HTTP_HEADER_IF_MODIFIED_SINCE)) {
return http_request_parse_duplicate(r, id, k, klen, v, vlen);
}
break;
case HTTP_HEADER_TRANSFER_ENCODING:
if (HTTP_VERSION_1_1 != r->http_version) {
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400,
HTTP_VERSION_1_0 == r->http_version
? "HTTP/1.0 with Transfer-Encoding (bad HTTP/1.0 proxy?) -> 400"
: "HTTP/2 with Transfer-Encoding is invalid -> 400");
}
if (!buffer_eq_icase_ss(v, vlen, CONST_STR_LEN("chunked"))) {
/* Transfer-Encoding might contain additional encodings,
* which are not currently supported by lighttpd */
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 501, NULL); /* Not Implemented */
}
r->reqbody_length = -1;
/* Transfer-Encoding is a hop-by-hop header,
* which must not be blindly forwarded to backends */
return 0; /* skip header */
}
http_header_request_append(r, id, k, klen, v, vlen);
return 0;
}
__attribute_cold__
static int http_request_parse_proto_loose(request_st * const restrict r, const char * const restrict ptr, const size_t len, const unsigned int http_parseopts) {
const char * proto = memchr(ptr, ' ', len);
if (NULL == proto)
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400, "incomplete request line -> 400");
proto = memchr(proto+1, ' ', len - (proto+1 - ptr));
if (NULL == proto)
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400, "incomplete request line -> 400");
++proto;
if (proto[0]=='H' && proto[1]=='T' && proto[2]=='T' && proto[3]=='P' && proto[4] == '/') {
if (proto[5] == '1' && proto[6] == '.' && (proto[7] == '1' || proto[7] == '0')) {
/* length already checked before calling this routine */
/* (len != (size_t)(proto - ptr + 8)) */
if (http_parseopts & HTTP_PARSEOPT_HEADER_STRICT) /*(http_header_strict)*/
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400, "incomplete request line -> 400");
r->http_version = (proto[7] == '1') ? HTTP_VERSION_1_1 : HTTP_VERSION_1_0;
}
else
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 505, "unknown HTTP version -> 505");
}
else
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400, "unknown protocol -> 400");
/* keep-alive default: HTTP/1.1 -> true; HTTP/1.0 -> false */
r->keep_alive = (HTTP_VERSION_1_0 != r->http_version);
return 0;
}
__attribute_cold__
static const char * http_request_parse_reqline_uri(request_st * const restrict r, const char * const restrict uri, const size_t len, const unsigned int http_parseopts) {
const char *nuri;
if ((len > 7 && buffer_eq_icase_ssn(uri, "http://", 7)
&& NULL != (nuri = memchr(uri + 7, '/', len-7)))
||
(len > 8 && buffer_eq_icase_ssn(uri, "https://", 8)
&& NULL != (nuri = memchr(uri + 8, '/', len-8)))) {
const char * const host = uri + (uri[4] == ':' ? 7 : 8);
const size_t hostlen = nuri - host;
if (0 == hostlen || hostlen >= 1024) { /*(expecting < 256)*/
http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400, "uri-authority empty or too long -> 400");
return NULL;
}
/* Insert as "Host" header */
http_request_header_set_Host(r, host, hostlen);
return nuri;
} else if (!(http_parseopts & HTTP_PARSEOPT_HEADER_STRICT) /*(!http_header_strict)*/
|| (HTTP_METHOD_CONNECT == r->http_method && (uri[0] == ':' || light_isdigit(uri[0])))
|| (HTTP_METHOD_OPTIONS == r->http_method && uri[0] == '*' && 1 == len)) {
/* (permitted) */
return uri;
} else {
http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400, "request-URI parse error -> 400");
return NULL;
}
}
__attribute_cold__
__attribute_noinline__
static int http_request_parse_header_other(request_st * const restrict r, const char * const restrict k, const int klen, const unsigned int http_header_strict);
int
http_request_validate_pseudohdrs (request_st * const restrict r, const int scheme, const unsigned int http_parseopts)
{
/* :method is required to indicate method
* CONNECT method must have :method and :authority
* All other methods must have at least :method :scheme :path */
if (HTTP_METHOD_UNSET == r->http_method)
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400,
"missing pseudo-header method -> 400");
if (__builtin_expect( (HTTP_METHOD_CONNECT != r->http_method), 1)) {
if (!scheme)
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400,
"missing pseudo-header scheme -> 400");
if (buffer_is_blank(&r->target))
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400,
"missing pseudo-header path -> 400");
const char * const uri = r->target.ptr;
if (*uri != '/') { /* (common case: (*uri == '/')) */
if (uri[0] != '*' || uri[1] != '\0'
|| HTTP_METHOD_OPTIONS != r->http_method)
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400,
"invalid pseudo-header path -> 400");
}
}
else { /* HTTP_METHOD_CONNECT */
if (NULL == r->http_host)
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400,
"missing pseudo-header authority -> 400");
if (!buffer_is_blank(&r->target) || scheme)
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400,
"invalid pseudo-header with CONNECT -> 400");
/* note: this copy occurs prior to http_request_host_policy()
* so any consumer handling CONNECT should normalize r->target
* as appropriate */
buffer_copy_buffer(&r->target, r->http_host);
}
buffer_copy_buffer(&r->target_orig, &r->target);
/* r->http_host, if set, is checked with http_request_host_policy()
* in http_request_parse() */
/* copied and modified from end of http_request_parse_reqline() */
/* check uri for invalid characters */
const unsigned int http_header_strict =
(http_parseopts & HTTP_PARSEOPT_HEADER_STRICT);
const uint32_t ulen = buffer_clen(&r->target);
const uint8_t * const uri = (uint8_t *)r->target.ptr;
if (http_header_strict) {
if (http_parseopts & HTTP_PARSEOPT_URL_NORMALIZE_CTRLS_REJECT)
return 0; /* URI will be checked in http_request_parse_target() */
for (uint32_t i = 0; i < ulen; ++i) {
if (!request_uri_is_valid_char(uri[i]))
return http_request_header_char_invalid(r, uri[i],
"invalid character in URI -> 400");
}
}
else {
if (NULL != memchr(uri, '\0', ulen))
return http_request_header_char_invalid(r, '\0',
"invalid character in header -> 400");
}
return 0;
}
int
http_request_parse_header (request_st * const restrict r, http_header_parse_ctx * const restrict hpctx)
{
/* Note: k and v might not be '\0' terminated strings;
* care must be taken to avoid libc funcs which expect z-strings */
const char * const restrict k = hpctx->k;
const char * const restrict v = hpctx->v;
const uint32_t klen = hpctx->klen;
const uint32_t vlen = hpctx->vlen;
if (0 == klen)
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400,
"invalid header key -> 400");
if ((hpctx->hlen += klen + vlen + 4) > hpctx->max_request_field_size) {
/*(configurable with server.max-request-field-size; default 8k)*/
#if 1 /* emit to error log for people sending large headers */
log_error(r->conf.errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"oversized request header -> 431");
return 431; /* Request Header Fields Too Large */
#else
/* 431 Request Header Fields Too Large */
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 431,
"oversized request header -> 431");
#endif
}
if (!hpctx->trailers) {
if (*k == ':') {
/* HTTP/2 request pseudo-header fields */
if (!hpctx->pseudo) /*(pseudo header after non-pseudo header)*/
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400,
"invalid pseudo-header -> 400");
if (0 == vlen)
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400,
"invalid header value -> 400");
/* (note: relies on implementation details using ls-hpack in h2.c)
* (hpctx->id mapped from lsxpack_header_t hpack_index, which only
* matches key, not also value, if lsxpack_header_t flags does not
* have LSXPACK_HPACK_VAL_MATCHED set, so HTTP_HEADER_H2_METHOD_GET
* below indicates any method, not only "GET") */
if (__builtin_expect( (hpctx->id == HTTP_HEADER_H2_UNKNOWN), 0)) {
switch (klen-1) {
case 4:
if (0 == memcmp(k+1, "path", 4))
hpctx->id = HTTP_HEADER_H2_PATH;
break;
case 6:
if (0 == memcmp(k+1, "method", 6))
hpctx->id = HTTP_HEADER_H2_METHOD_GET;
else if (0 == memcmp(k+1, "scheme", 6))
hpctx->id = HTTP_HEADER_H2_SCHEME_HTTP;
break;
case 9:
if (0 == memcmp(k+1, "authority", 9))
hpctx->id = HTTP_HEADER_H2_AUTHORITY;
break;
default:
break;
}
if (hpctx->id >= HTTP_HEADER_H2_UNKNOWN)
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400,
"invalid pseudo-header -> 400");
}
switch (hpctx->id) {
case HTTP_HEADER_H2_AUTHORITY:
if (__builtin_expect( (r->http_host != NULL), 0))
break;
if (vlen >= 1024) /*(expecting < 256)*/
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400,
"invalid pseudo-header authority too long -> 400");
/* insert as "Host" header */
http_request_header_set_Host(r, v, vlen);
return 0;
case HTTP_HEADER_H2_METHOD_GET: /*(any method, not only "GET")*/
case HTTP_HEADER_H2_METHOD_POST:
if (__builtin_expect( (HTTP_METHOD_UNSET != r->http_method), 0))
break;
r->http_method = get_http_method_key(v, vlen);
if (HTTP_METHOD_UNSET >= r->http_method)
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 501,
"unknown http-method -> 501");
return 0;
case HTTP_HEADER_H2_PATH: /*(any path, not only "/")*/
case HTTP_HEADER_H2_PATH_INDEX_HTML:
if (__builtin_expect( (!buffer_is_blank(&r->target)), 0))
break;
buffer_copy_string_len(&r->target, v, vlen);
return 0;
case HTTP_HEADER_H2_SCHEME_HTTP: /*(any scheme, not only "http")*/
case HTTP_HEADER_H2_SCHEME_HTTPS:
if (__builtin_expect( (hpctx->scheme), 0))
break;
hpctx->scheme = 1; /*(marked present, but otherwise ignored)*/
return 0;
#if 0
switch (vlen) {/*(validated, but then ignored)*/
case 5: /* "https" */
if (v[4]!='s') break;
__attribute_fallthrough__
case 4: /* "http" */
if (v[0]=='h' && v[1]=='t' && v[2]=='t' && v[3]=='p') {
hpctx->scheme = 1;
return 0;
}
break;
default:
break;
}
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400,
"unknown pseudo-header scheme -> 400");
#endif
default:
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400,
"invalid pseudo-header -> 400");
}
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400,
"repeated pseudo-header -> 400");
}
else { /*(non-pseudo headers)*/
if (hpctx->pseudo) { /*(transition to non-pseudo headers)*/
hpctx->pseudo = 0;
int status =
http_request_validate_pseudohdrs(r, hpctx->scheme,
hpctx->http_parseopts);
if (0 != status) return status;
}
if (0 == vlen)
return 0;
const unsigned int http_header_strict =
(hpctx->http_parseopts & HTTP_PARSEOPT_HEADER_STRICT);
if (http_header_strict) {
for (uint32_t j = 0; j < vlen; ++j) {
if ((((uint8_t *)v)[j] < 32 && v[j] != '\t') || v[j]==127)
return http_request_header_char_invalid(r, v[j],
"invalid character in header -> 400");
}
}
else {
if (NULL != memchr(v, '\0', vlen))
return http_request_header_char_invalid(r, '\0',
"invalid character in header -> 400");
}
if (__builtin_expect( (hpctx->id == HTTP_HEADER_H2_UNKNOWN), 0)) {
uint32_t j = 0;
while (j < klen && (light_islower(k[j]) || k[j] == '-'))
++j;
if (__builtin_expect( (j != klen), 0)) {
if (light_isupper(k[j]))
return 400;
if (0 != http_request_parse_header_other(r, k+j, klen-j,
http_header_strict))
return 400;
}
hpctx->id = http_header_hkey_get_lc(k, klen);
}
const enum http_header_e id = (enum http_header_e)hpctx->id;
if (__builtin_expect( (id == HTTP_HEADER_TE), 0)
&& !buffer_eq_icase_ss(v, vlen, CONST_STR_LEN("trailers")))
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400,
"invalid TE header value with HTTP/2 -> 400");
return http_request_parse_single_header(r, id, k, klen, v, vlen);
}
}
else { /*(trailers)*/
/* ignore trailers (after required HPACK decoding) if streaming
* request body to backend since headers have already been sent
* to backend via Common Gateway Interface (CGI) (CGI, FastCGI,
* SCGI, etc) or HTTP/1.1 (proxy) (mod_proxy does not currently
* support using HTTP/2 to connect to backends) */
#if 0 /* (if needed, save flag in hpctx instead of fdevent.h dependency)*/
if (r->conf.stream_request_body & FDEVENT_STREAM_REQUEST)
return 0;
#endif
/* Note: do not unconditionally merge into headers since if
* headers had already been sent to backend, then mod_accesslog
* logging of request headers might be inaccurate.
* Many simple backends do not support HTTP/1.1 requests sending
* Transfer-Encoding: chunked, and even those that do might not
* handle trailers. Some backends do not even support HTTP/1.1.
* For all these reasons, ignore trailers if streaming request
* body to backend. Revisit in future if adding support for
* connecting to backends using HTTP/2 (with explicit config
* option to force connecting to backends using HTTP/2) */
/* XXX: TODO: request trailers not handled if streaming reqbody
* XXX: must ensure that trailers are not disallowed field-names
*/
#if 0
if (0 == vlen)
return 0;
#endif
return 0;
}
}
static int http_request_parse_reqline(request_st * const restrict r, const char * const restrict ptr, const unsigned short * const restrict hoff, const unsigned int http_parseopts) {
size_t len = hoff[2];
/* parse the first line of the request
* <method> <uri> <protocol>\r\n
* */
if (len < 13) /* minimum len with (!http_header_strict): "x x HTTP/1.0\n" */
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400, "invalid request line (too short) -> 400");
if (ptr[len-2] == '\r')
len-=2;
else if (!(http_parseopts & HTTP_PARSEOPT_HEADER_STRICT)) /*(!http_header_strict)*/
len-=1;
else
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400, "missing CR before LF in header -> 400");
/*
* RFC7230:
* HTTP-version = HTTP-name "/" DIGIT "." DIGIT
* HTTP-name = %x48.54.54.50 ; "HTTP", case-sensitive
*/
/* protocol is expected to be " HTTP/1.1" or " HTTP/1.0" at end of line */
union proto_un {
char c[8];
uint64_t u;
};
static const union proto_un http_1_1 = {{'H','T','T','P','/','1','.','1'}};
static const union proto_un http_1_0 = {{'H','T','T','P','/','1','.','0'}};
const char *p = ptr + len - 8;
union proto_un proto8;
proto8.c[0]=p[0]; proto8.c[1]=p[1]; proto8.c[2]=p[2]; proto8.c[3]=p[3];
proto8.c[4]=p[4]; proto8.c[5]=p[5]; proto8.c[6]=p[6]; proto8.c[7]=p[7];
if (p[-1] == ' ' && http_1_1.u == proto8.u) {
r->http_version = HTTP_VERSION_1_1;
r->keep_alive = 1; /* keep-alive default: HTTP/1.1 -> true */
}
else if (p[-1] == ' ' && http_1_0.u == proto8.u) {
r->http_version = HTTP_VERSION_1_0;
r->keep_alive = 0; /* keep-alive default: HTTP/1.0 -> false */
}
else {
int status = http_request_parse_proto_loose(r,ptr,len,http_parseopts);
if (0 != status) return status;
/*(space char must exist if http_request_parse_proto_loose() succeeds)*/
for (p = ptr + len - 9; p[-1] != ' '; --p) ;
}
/* method is expected to be a short string in the general case */
size_t i = 0;
while (ptr[i] != ' ') ++i;
#if 0 /*(space must exist if protocol was parsed successfully)*/
while (i < len && ptr[i] != ' ') ++i;
if (ptr[i] != ' ')
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400, "incomplete request line -> 400");
#endif
r->http_method = get_http_method_key(ptr, i);
if (HTTP_METHOD_UNSET >= r->http_method)
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 501, "unknown http-method -> 501");
const char *uri = ptr + i + 1;
if (uri == p)
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400, "no uri specified -> 400");
len = (size_t)(p - uri - 1);
if (*uri != '/') { /* (common case: (*uri == '/')) */
uri = http_request_parse_reqline_uri(r, uri, len, http_parseopts);
if (NULL == uri) return 400;
len = (size_t)(p - uri - 1);
}
if (0 == len)
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400, "no uri specified -> 400");
/* check uri for invalid characters */
if (http_parseopts & HTTP_PARSEOPT_HEADER_STRICT) { /* http_header_strict */
if ((http_parseopts & HTTP_PARSEOPT_URL_NORMALIZE_CTRLS_REJECT)) {
/* URI will be checked in http_request_parse_target() */
}
else {
for (i = 0; i < len; ++i) {
if (!request_uri_is_valid_char(uri[i]))
return http_request_header_char_invalid(r, uri[i], "invalid character in URI -> 400");
}
}
}
else {
/* check entire set of request headers for '\0' */
if (NULL != memchr(ptr, '\0', hoff[hoff[0]]))
return http_request_header_char_invalid(r, '\0', "invalid character in header -> 400");
}
buffer_copy_string_len(&r->target, uri, len);
buffer_copy_string_len(&r->target_orig, uri, len);
return 0;
}
int http_request_parse_target(request_st * const r, int scheme_port) {
/* URI is parsed into components at start of request and may
* also be re-parsed upon HANDLER_COMEBACK during the request
* r->target is expected to be a "/url-part?query-part"
* (and *not* a fully-qualified URI starting https://...)
* r->uri.authority is expected to be parsed elsewhere into r->http_host
*/
/**
* prepare strings
*
* - uri.path
* - uri.query
*
*/
/**
* Name according to RFC 2396
*
* - scheme
* - authority
* - path
* - query
*
* (scheme)://(authority)(path)?(query)#fragment
*
*/
/* take initial scheme value from connection-level state
* (request r->uri.scheme can be overwritten for later,
* for example by mod_extforward or mod_magnet) */
buffer_copy_string_len(&r->uri.scheme, "https", scheme_port == 443 ? 5 : 4);
buffer * const target = &r->target;
if (r->http_method == HTTP_METHOD_CONNECT
|| (r->http_method == HTTP_METHOD_OPTIONS
&& target->ptr[0] == '*'
&& target->ptr[1] == '\0')) {
/* CONNECT ... (or) OPTIONS * ... */
buffer_copy_buffer(&r->uri.path, target);
buffer_clear(&r->uri.query);
return 0;
}
char *qstr;
if (r->conf.http_parseopts & HTTP_PARSEOPT_URL_NORMALIZE) {
/*uint32_t len = buffer_clen(target);*/
int qs = burl_normalize(target, r->tmp_buf, r->conf.http_parseopts);
if (-2 == qs)
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400,
"invalid character in URI -> 400"); /* Bad Request */
qstr = (-1 == qs) ? NULL : target->ptr+qs;
#if 0 /* future: might enable here, or below for all requests */
/* (Note: total header size not recalculated on HANDLER_COMEBACK
* even if other request headers changed during processing)
* (If (0 != r->loops_per_request), then the generated
* request is too large. Should a different error be returned?) */
r->rqst_header_len -= len;
len = buffer_clen(target);
r->rqst_header_len += len;
if (len > MAX_HTTP_REQUEST_URI) {
return 414; /* 414 URI Too Long */
}
if (r->rqst_header_len > MAX_HTTP_REQUEST_HEADER) {
log_error(r->conf.errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"request header fields too large: %u -> 431",
r->rqst_header_len);
return 431; /* Request Header Fields Too Large */
}
#endif
}
else {
size_t rlen = buffer_clen(target);
qstr = memchr(target->ptr, '#', rlen);/* discard fragment */
if (qstr) {
rlen = (size_t)(qstr - target->ptr);
buffer_truncate(target, rlen);
}
qstr = memchr(target->ptr, '?', rlen);
}
/** extract query string from target */
const char * const pstr = target->ptr;
const uint32_t rlen = buffer_clen(target);
uint32_t plen;
if (NULL != qstr) {
plen = (uint32_t)(qstr - pstr);
buffer_copy_string_len(&r->uri.query, qstr + 1, rlen - plen - 1);
}
else {
plen = rlen;
buffer_clear(&r->uri.query);
}
buffer_copy_string_len(&r->uri.path, pstr, plen);
/* decode url to path
*
* - decode url-encodings (e.g. %20 -> ' ')
* - remove path-modifiers (e.g. /../)
*/
buffer_urldecode_path(&r->uri.path);
buffer_path_simplify(&r->uri.path);
if (r->uri.path.ptr[0] != '/')
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400,
"uri-path does not begin with '/' -> 400"); /* Bad Request */
return 0;
}
__attribute_cold__
__attribute_noinline__
static int http_request_parse_header_other(request_st * const restrict r, const char * const restrict k, const int klen, const unsigned int http_header_strict) {
for (int i = 0; i < klen; ++i) {
if (light_isalpha(k[i]) || k[i] == '-') continue; /*(common cases)*/
/**
* 1*<any CHAR except CTLs or separators>
* CTLs == 0-31 + 127, CHAR = 7-bit ascii (0..127)
*
*/
switch(k[i]) {
case ' ':
case '\t':
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400, "WS character in key -> 400");
case '(':
case ')':
case '<':
case '>':
case '@':
case ',':
case ';':
case '\\':
case '\"':
case '/':
case '[':
case ']':
case '?':
case '=':
case '{':
case '}':
return http_request_header_char_invalid(r, k[i], "invalid character in header key -> 400");
default:
if (http_header_strict ? (k[i] < 32 || ((unsigned char *)k)[i] >= 127) : k[i] == '\0')
return http_request_header_char_invalid(r, k[i], "invalid character in header key -> 400");
break; /* ok */
}
}
return 0;
}
static int http_request_parse_headers(request_st * const restrict r, char * const restrict ptr, const unsigned short * const restrict hoff, const unsigned int http_parseopts) {
const unsigned int http_header_strict = (http_parseopts & HTTP_PARSEOPT_HEADER_STRICT);
#if 0 /*(not checked here; will later result in invalid label for HTTP header)*/
int i = hoff[2];
if (ptr[i] == ' ' || ptr[i] == '\t') {
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400, "WS at the start of first line -> 400");
}
#endif
for (int i = 2; i < hoff[0]; ++i) {
const char *k = ptr + hoff[i];
/* one past last line hoff[hoff[0]] is to final "\r\n" */
char *end = ptr + hoff[i+1];
const char *colon = memchr(k, ':', end - k);
if (NULL == colon)
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400, "invalid header missing ':' -> 400");
const char *v = colon + 1;
/* RFC7230 Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Message Syntax and Routing
* 3.2.4. Field Parsing
* [...]
* No whitespace is allowed between the header field-name and colon. In
* the past, differences in the handling of such whitespace have led to
* security vulnerabilities in request routing and response handling. A
* server MUST reject any received request message that contains
* whitespace between a header field-name and colon with a response code
* of 400 (Bad Request). A proxy MUST remove any such whitespace from a
* response message before forwarding the message downstream.
*/
/* (line k[-1] is always preceded by a '\n',
* including first header after request-line,
* so no need to check colon != k) */
if (colon[-1] == ' ' || colon[-1] == '\t') {
if (http_header_strict) {
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400, "invalid whitespace between field-name and colon -> 400");
}
else {
/* remove trailing whitespace from key(if !http_header_strict)*/
do { --colon; } while (colon[-1] == ' ' || colon[-1] == '\t');
}
}
const int klen = (int)(colon - k);
if (0 == klen)
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400, "invalid header key -> 400");
const enum http_header_e id = http_header_hkey_get(k, klen);
if (id == HTTP_HEADER_OTHER) {
for (int j = 0; j < klen; ++j) {
if (light_isalpha(k[j]) || k[j] == '-') continue; /*(common cases)*/
if (0 != http_request_parse_header_other(r, k+j, klen-j, http_header_strict))
return 400;
break;
}
}
/* remove leading whitespace from value */
while (*v == ' ' || *v == '\t') ++v;
for (; i+1 <= hoff[0]; ++i) {
end = ptr + hoff[i+1];
if (end[0] != ' ' && end[0] != '\t') break;
/* line folding */
#ifdef __COVERITY__
force_assert(end - k >= 2);
#endif
if (end[-2] == '\r')
end[-2] = ' ';
else if (http_header_strict)
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400, "missing CR before LF in header -> 400");
end[-1] = ' ';
}
#ifdef __COVERITY__
/*(buf holding k has non-zero request-line, so end[-2] valid)*/
force_assert(end >= k + 2);
#endif
if (end[-2] == '\r')
--end;
else if (http_header_strict)
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400, "missing CR before LF in header -> 400");
/* remove trailing whitespace from value (+ remove '\r\n') */
/* (line k[-1] is always preceded by a '\n',
* including first header after request-line,
* so no need to check (end != k)) */
do { --end; } while (end[-1] == ' ' || end[-1] == '\t');
const int vlen = (int)(end - v);
/* empty header-fields are not allowed by HTTP-RFC, we just ignore them */
if (vlen <= 0) continue; /* ignore header */
if (http_header_strict) {
for (int j = 0; j < vlen; ++j) {
if ((((unsigned char *)v)[j] < 32 && v[j] != '\t') || v[j]==127)
return http_request_header_char_invalid(r, v[j], "invalid character in header -> 400");
}
} /* else URI already checked in http_request_parse_reqline() for any '\0' */
int status = http_request_parse_single_header(r, id, k, (size_t)klen, v, (size_t)vlen);
if (0 != status) return status;
}
return 0;
}
static int
http_request_parse (request_st * const restrict r, const int scheme_port)
{
int status = http_request_parse_target(r, scheme_port);
if (0 != status) return status;
/* post-processing */
const unsigned int http_parseopts = r->conf.http_parseopts;
/* check hostname field if it is set */
/*(r->http_host might not be set until after parsing request headers)*/
if (__builtin_expect( (r->http_host != NULL), 1)) {
if (0 != http_request_host_policy(r->http_host,
http_parseopts, scheme_port))
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400, "Invalid Hostname -> 400");
buffer_copy_buffer(&r->uri.authority, r->http_host);
}
else {
buffer_copy_string_len(&r->uri.authority, CONST_STR_LEN(""));
if (r->http_version >= HTTP_VERSION_1_1)
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400, "HTTP/1.1 but Host missing -> 400");
}
if (0 == r->reqbody_length) {
/* POST requires Content-Length (or Transfer-Encoding)
* (-1 == r->reqbody_length when Transfer-Encoding: chunked)*/
if (HTTP_METHOD_POST == r->http_method
&& !light_btst(r->rqst_htags, HTTP_HEADER_CONTENT_LENGTH)) {
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 411, "POST-request, but content-length missing -> 411");
}
}
else {
/* (-1 == r->reqbody_length when Transfer-Encoding: chunked)*/
if (-1 == r->reqbody_length
&& light_btst(r->rqst_htags, HTTP_HEADER_CONTENT_LENGTH)) {
/* RFC7230 Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP/1.1): Message Syntax and Routing
* 3.3.3. Message Body Length
* [...]
* If a message is received with both a Transfer-Encoding and a
* Content-Length header field, the Transfer-Encoding overrides the
* Content-Length. Such a message might indicate an attempt to
* perform request smuggling (Section 9.5) or response splitting
* (Section 9.4) and ought to be handled as an error. A sender MUST
* remove the received Content-Length field prior to forwarding such
* a message downstream.
*/
const unsigned int http_header_strict =
(http_parseopts & HTTP_PARSEOPT_HEADER_STRICT);
if (http_header_strict) {
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400, "invalid Transfer-Encoding + Content-Length -> 400");
}
else {
/* ignore Content-Length */
http_header_request_unset(r, HTTP_HEADER_CONTENT_LENGTH, CONST_STR_LEN("Content-Length"));
}
}
if (http_method_get_or_head(r->http_method)
&& !(http_parseopts & HTTP_PARSEOPT_METHOD_GET_BODY)) {
return http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400, "GET/HEAD with content-length -> 400");
}
}
return 0;
}
static int
http_request_parse_hoff (request_st * const restrict r, char * const restrict hdrs, const unsigned short * const restrict hoff, const int scheme_port)
{
/*
* Request: "^(GET|POST|HEAD|...) ([^ ]+(\\?[^ ]+|)) (HTTP/1\\.[01])$"
* Header : "^([-a-zA-Z]+): (.+)$"
* End : "^$"
*/
int status;
const unsigned int http_parseopts = r->conf.http_parseopts;
status = http_request_parse_reqline(r, hdrs, hoff, http_parseopts);
if (0 != status) return status;
status = http_request_parse_headers(r, hdrs, hoff, http_parseopts);
if (0 != status) return status;
return http_request_parse(r, scheme_port);
}
static void
http_request_headers_fin (request_st * const restrict r)
{
if (0 == r->http_status) {
#if 0
r->conditional_is_valid = (1 << COMP_SERVER_SOCKET)
| (1 << COMP_HTTP_SCHEME)
| (1 << COMP_HTTP_HOST)
| (1 << COMP_HTTP_REMOTE_IP)
| (1 << COMP_HTTP_REQUEST_METHOD)
| (1 << COMP_HTTP_URL)
| (1 << COMP_HTTP_QUERY_STRING)
| (1 << COMP_HTTP_REQUEST_HEADER);
#else
/* all config conditions are valid after parsing header
* (set all bits; remove dependency on plugin_config.h) */
r->conditional_is_valid = ~0u;
#endif
}
else {
r->keep_alive = 0;
r->reqbody_length = 0;
}
}
void
http_request_headers_process (request_st * const restrict r, char * const restrict hdrs, const unsigned short * const restrict hoff, const int scheme_port)
{
r->http_status = http_request_parse_hoff(r, hdrs, hoff, scheme_port);
http_request_headers_fin(r);
if (__builtin_expect( (0 != r->http_status), 0)) {
if (r->conf.log_request_header_on_error) {
/*(http_request_parse_headers() modifies hdrs only to
* undo line-wrapping in-place using spaces)*/
log_error(r->conf.errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"request-header:\n%.*s", (int)r->rqst_header_len, hdrs);
}
}
}
void
http_request_headers_process_h2 (request_st * const restrict r, const int scheme_port)
{
if (0 == r->http_status)
r->http_status = http_request_parse(r, scheme_port);
if (0 == r->http_status) {
if (light_btst(r->rqst_htags, HTTP_HEADER_CONNECTION))
r->http_status = http_request_header_line_invalid(r, 400,
"invalid Connection header with HTTP/2 -> 400");
}
http_request_headers_fin(r);
/* limited; headers not collected into a single buf for HTTP/2 */
if (__builtin_expect( (0 != r->http_status), 0)) {
if (r->conf.log_request_header_on_error) {
log_error(r->conf.errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"request-header:\n:authority: %s\n:method: %s\n:path: %s",
r->http_host ? r->http_host->ptr : "",
http_method_buf(r->http_method)->ptr,
!buffer_is_blank(&r->target) ? r->target.ptr : "");
}
}
/* ignore Upgrade if using HTTP/2 */
if (light_btst(r->rqst_htags, HTTP_HEADER_UPGRADE))
http_header_request_unset(r, HTTP_HEADER_UPGRADE,
CONST_STR_LEN("upgrade"));
/* XXX: should filter out other hop-by-hop connection headers, too */
}