lighttpd 1.4.x https://www.lighttpd.net/
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#include "first.h"
#include "base.h"
#include "buffer.h"
#include "network.h"
#include "log.h"
#include "rand.h"
#include "chunk.h"
#include "h2.h" /* h2_send_1xx() */
#include "fdevent.h"
#include "fdlog.h"
#include "connections.h"
#include "sock_addr.h"
#include "stat_cache.h"
#include "plugin.h"
#include "plugin_config.h" /* config_plugin_value_tobool() */
#include "network_write.h" /* network_write_show_handlers() */
#include "reqpool.h" /* request_pool_init() request_pool_free() */
#include "response.h" /* http_response_send_1xx_cb_set() strftime_cache_reset() */
#ifdef HAVE_VERSIONSTAMP_H
# include "versionstamp.h"
#else
# define REPO_VERSION ""
#endif
#define PACKAGE_DESC PACKAGE_NAME "/" PACKAGE_VERSION REPO_VERSION
static const buffer default_server_tag = { CONST_STR_LEN(PACKAGE_DESC)+1, 0 };
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include "sys-time.h"
#include <string.h>
#include <errno.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <signal.h>
#include <locale.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#ifdef HAVE_GETOPT_H
# include <getopt.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_VALGRIND_VALGRIND_H
# include <valgrind/valgrind.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_PWD_H
# include <grp.h>
# include <pwd.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_LOADAVG_H
# include <sys/loadavg.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_RESOURCE_H
# include <sys/resource.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_SYS_PRCTL_H
# include <sys/prctl.h>
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_MALLOC_H
#ifndef LIGHTTPD_STATIC
#ifdef HAVE_DLFCN_H
#include <dlfcn.h>
#endif
#endif
#include <malloc.h>
#if defined(HAVE_MALLOC_TRIM)
static int(*malloc_trim_fn)(size_t);
static size_t malloc_top_pad;
#endif
#endif
#include "sys-crypto.h"
#if defined(USE_OPENSSL_CRYPTO) \
|| defined(USE_MBEDTLS_CRYPTO) \
|| defined(USE_NSS_CRYPTO) \
|| defined(USE_GNUTLS_CRYPTO) \
|| defined(USE_WOLFTLS_CRYPTO)
#define TEXT_SSL " (ssl)"
#else
#define TEXT_SSL
#endif
#ifndef __sgi
/* IRIX doesn't like the alarm based time() optimization */
/* #define USE_ALARM */
#endif
static int oneshot_fd = 0;
static int oneshot_fdout = -1;
static fdnode *oneshot_fdn = NULL;
static int (*oneshot_read_cq)(connection *con, chunkqueue *cq, off_t max_bytes);
static volatile int pid_fd = -2;
static server_socket_array graceful_sockets;
static server_socket_array inherited_sockets;
static volatile sig_atomic_t graceful_restart = 0;
static volatile sig_atomic_t graceful_shutdown = 0;
static volatile sig_atomic_t srv_shutdown = 0;
static volatile sig_atomic_t handle_sig_child = 0;
static volatile sig_atomic_t handle_sig_alarm = 1;
static volatile sig_atomic_t handle_sig_hup = 0;
static int idle_limit = 0;
#if defined(HAVE_SIGACTION) && defined(SA_SIGINFO)
static volatile siginfo_t last_sigterm_info;
static volatile siginfo_t last_sighup_info;
static void sigaction_handler(int sig, siginfo_t *si, void *context) {
static const siginfo_t empty_siginfo;
UNUSED(context);
if (!si) *(const siginfo_t **)&si = &empty_siginfo;
switch (sig) {
case SIGTERM:
srv_shutdown = 1;
last_sigterm_info = *si;
break;
case SIGUSR1:
if (!graceful_shutdown) {
graceful_restart = 1;
graceful_shutdown = 1;
last_sigterm_info = *si;
}
break;
case SIGINT:
if (graceful_shutdown) {
if (2 == graceful_restart)
graceful_restart = 1;
else
srv_shutdown = 1;
} else {
graceful_shutdown = 1;
}
last_sigterm_info = *si;
break;
case SIGALRM:
handle_sig_alarm = 1;
break;
case SIGHUP:
handle_sig_hup = 1;
last_sighup_info = *si;
break;
case SIGCHLD:
handle_sig_child = 1;
break;
}
}
#elif defined(HAVE_SIGNAL) || defined(HAVE_SIGACTION)
static void signal_handler(int sig) {
switch (sig) {
case SIGTERM: srv_shutdown = 1; break;
case SIGUSR1:
if (!graceful_shutdown) {
graceful_restart = 1;
graceful_shutdown = 1;
}
break;
case SIGINT:
if (graceful_shutdown) {
if (2 == graceful_restart)
graceful_restart = 1;
else
srv_shutdown = 1;
} else {
graceful_shutdown = 1;
}
break;
case SIGALRM: handle_sig_alarm = 1; break;
case SIGHUP: handle_sig_hup = 1; break;
case SIGCHLD: handle_sig_child = 1; break;
}
}
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_FORK
static int daemonize(void) {
int pipefd[2];
pid_t pid;
#ifdef SIGTTOU
signal(SIGTTOU, SIG_IGN);
#endif
#ifdef SIGTTIN
signal(SIGTTIN, SIG_IGN);
#endif
#ifdef SIGTSTP
signal(SIGTSTP, SIG_IGN);
#endif
if (pipe(pipefd) < 0) exit(-1);
if (0 > (pid = fork())) exit(-1);
if (0 < pid) {
char buf;
ssize_t bytes;
close(pipefd[1]);
/* parent waits for grandchild to be ready */
do {
bytes = read(pipefd[0], &buf, sizeof(buf));
} while (bytes < 0 && EINTR == errno);
close(pipefd[0]);
if (bytes <= 0) {
/* closed fd (without writing) == failure in grandchild */
fputs("daemonized server failed to start; check error log for details\n", stderr);
exit(-1);
}
exit(0);
}
close(pipefd[0]);
if (-1 == setsid()) exit(0);
signal(SIGHUP, SIG_IGN);
if (0 != fork()) exit(0);
if (0 != chdir("/")) exit(0);
fdevent_setfd_cloexec(pipefd[1]);
return pipefd[1];
}
#endif
static int clockid_mono_coarse = 0;
static unix_time64_t
server_monotonic_secs (void)
{
unix_timespec64_t ts;
return (0 == log_clock_gettime(clockid_mono_coarse, &ts))
? ts.tv_sec
: log_monotonic_secs;
}
static unix_time64_t
server_epoch_secs (server * const srv)
{
const unix_time64_t cur_ts = log_epoch_secs;
const unix_time64_t new_ts = TIME64_CAST(time(NULL));
/* attempt to detect large clock jump */
if (new_ts < cur_ts || new_ts - cur_ts > 300) { /*(5 mins)*/
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"warning: clock jumped %lld secs",
(long long)((int64_t)new_ts - (int64_t)cur_ts));
data_unset * const du = (NULL != srv->srvconf.feature_flags)
? array_get_data_unset(srv->srvconf.feature_flags,
CONST_STR_LEN("server.clock-jump-restart"))
: NULL;
int delta = config_plugin_value_to_int32(du, 1800);/*(30 mins default)*/
if (delta && (new_ts > cur_ts ? new_ts-cur_ts : cur_ts-new_ts) > delta){
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"attempting graceful restart in < ~5 seconds, else hard restart");
srv->graceful_expire_ts = log_monotonic_secs + 5;
raise(SIGUSR1);
}
}
return new_ts;
}
__attribute_cold__
__attribute_noinline__
__attribute_returns_nonnull__
static server *server_init(void) {
server *srv = calloc(1, sizeof(*srv));
force_assert(srv);
srv->tmp_buf = buffer_init();
strftime_cache_reset();
li_rand_reseed();
srv->startup_ts = log_epoch_secs = TIME64_CAST(time(NULL));
#ifdef HAVE_CLOCK_GETTIME
unix_timespec64_t ts;
UNUSED(&ts);
#ifdef CLOCK_MONOTONIC_COARSE
if (0 == log_clock_gettime(CLOCK_MONOTONIC_COARSE, &ts))
clockid_mono_coarse = CLOCK_MONOTONIC_COARSE;
else
#endif
#ifdef CLOCK_MONOTONIC_RAW_APPROX
if (0 == log_clock_gettime(CLOCK_MONOTONIC_RAW_APPROX, &ts))
clockid_mono_coarse = CLOCK_MONOTONIC_RAW_APPROX;
else
#endif
#ifdef CLOCK_MONOTONIC_RAW
if (0 == log_clock_gettime(CLOCK_MONOTONIC_RAW, &ts))
clockid_mono_coarse = CLOCK_MONOTONIC_RAW;
else
#endif
clockid_mono_coarse = CLOCK_MONOTONIC;
#endif
log_monotonic_secs = server_monotonic_secs();
srv->errh = log_set_global_errh(NULL, 0);
config_init(srv);
srv->request_env = plugins_call_handle_request_env;
srv->loadavg[0] = 0.0;
srv->loadavg[1] = 0.0;
srv->loadavg[2] = 0.0;
srv->stdin_fd = -1;
log_con_jqueue = (connection *)(uintptr_t)&log_con_jqueue;/*(sentinel)*/
return srv;
}
__attribute_cold__
__attribute_noinline__
static void server_free(server *srv) {
if (oneshot_fd > 0) {
if (oneshot_fdn) {
fdevent_fdnode_event_del(srv->ev, oneshot_fdn);
fdevent_unregister(srv->ev, oneshot_fd);
oneshot_fdn = NULL;
}
close(oneshot_fd);
}
if (oneshot_fdout >= 0) {
close(oneshot_fdout);
}
if (srv->stdin_fd >= 0) {
close(srv->stdin_fd);
}
buffer_free(srv->tmp_buf);
fdevent_free(srv->ev);
config_free(srv);
stat_cache_free();
li_rand_cleanup();
chunkqueue_chunk_pool_free();
if (srv->errh != log_set_global_errh(NULL, 0))
fdlog_free(srv->errh);
free(srv);
}
__attribute_cold__
__attribute_noinline__
static void remove_pid_file(server *srv) {
if (pid_fd <= -2) return;
if (srv->srvconf.pid_file && 0 <= pid_fd) {
if (0 != ftruncate(pid_fd, 0)) {
log_perror(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"ftruncate failed for: %s", srv->srvconf.pid_file->ptr);
}
}
if (0 <= pid_fd) {
close(pid_fd);
pid_fd = -1;
}
if (srv->srvconf.pid_file && !srv->srvconf.changeroot) {
if (0 != unlink(srv->srvconf.pid_file->ptr)) {
if (errno != EACCES && errno != EPERM) {
log_perror(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"unlink failed for: %s", srv->srvconf.pid_file->ptr);
}
}
}
}
__attribute_cold__
static server_socket * server_oneshot_getsock(server *srv, sock_addr *cnt_addr) {
server_socket *srv_socket, *srv_socket_wild = NULL;
for (uint32_t i = 0; i < srv->srv_sockets.used; ++i) {
srv_socket = srv->srv_sockets.ptr[i];
if (!sock_addr_is_port_eq(&srv_socket->addr,cnt_addr)) continue;
if (sock_addr_is_addr_eq(&srv_socket->addr,cnt_addr)) return srv_socket;
if (NULL != srv_socket_wild) continue;
if (sock_addr_is_addr_wildcard(&srv_socket->addr)) {
srv_socket_wild = srv_socket;
}
}
if (NULL != srv_socket_wild) {
return srv_socket_wild;
} else if (srv->srv_sockets.used) {
return srv->srv_sockets.ptr[0];
} else {
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "no sockets configured");
return NULL;
}
}
static int server_oneshot_read_cq(connection *con, chunkqueue *cq, off_t max_bytes) {
/* temporary set con->fd to oneshot_fd (fd input) rather than outshot_fdout
* (lighttpd generally assumes operation on sockets, so this is a kludge) */
int fd = con->fd;
con->fd = oneshot_fdn->fd;
int rc = oneshot_read_cq(con, cq, max_bytes);
con->fd = fd;
/* note: optimistic reads (elsewhere) may or may not be enough to re-enable
* read interest after FDEVENT_IN interest was paused for other reasons */
const int events = fdevent_fdnode_interest(oneshot_fdn);
int n = con->is_readable > 0 ? 0 : FDEVENT_IN;
if (events & FDEVENT_RDHUP)
n |= FDEVENT_RDHUP;
fdevent_fdnode_event_set(con->srv->ev, oneshot_fdn, n);
return rc;
}
static handler_t server_oneshot_handle_fdevent(void *context, int revents) {
connection *con = context;
/* note: not sync'd with con->fdn or connection_set_fdevent_interest() */
int rdhup = 0;
int n = fdevent_fdnode_interest(oneshot_fdn);
if (revents & FDEVENT_IN)
n &= ~FDEVENT_IN;
request_st * const r = &con->request;
if (r->state != CON_STATE_ERROR && (revents & (FDEVENT_HUP|FDEVENT_RDHUP))){
revents &= ~(FDEVENT_HUP|FDEVENT_RDHUP);
/* copied and modified from connection_handle_fdevent()
* fdevent_is_tcp_half_closed() will fail on pipe
* and, besides, read end of pipes should treat POLLHUP as POLLRDHUP */
n &= ~(FDEVENT_IN|FDEVENT_RDHUP);
rdhup = 1;
}
fdevent_fdnode_event_set(con->srv->ev, oneshot_fdn, n);
fdnode * const fdn = con->fdn; /* fdn->ctx == con */
handler_t rc = ((fdevent_handler)NULL != fdn->handler)
? (*fdn->handler)(con, revents)
: HANDLER_FINISHED;
if (rdhup) {
r->conf.stream_request_body &=
~(FDEVENT_STREAM_REQUEST_BUFMIN|FDEVENT_STREAM_REQUEST_POLLIN);
r->conf.stream_request_body |= FDEVENT_STREAM_REQUEST_POLLRDHUP;
r->conf.stream_request_body |= FDEVENT_STREAM_REQUEST_TCP_FIN;
con->is_readable = 1; /*(can read 0 for end-of-stream)*/
if (chunkqueue_is_empty(con->read_queue)) r->keep_alive = 0;
if (r->reqbody_length < -1) /*(transparent proxy mode; no more data)*/
r->reqbody_length = r->reqbody_queue.bytes_in;
}
return rc;
}
__attribute_cold__
static int server_oneshot_init_pipe(server *srv, int fdin, int fdout) {
/* Note: attempt to work with netcat pipes though other code expects socket.
* netcat has different fds (pipes) for stdin and stdout. To support
* netcat, need to avoid S_ISSOCK(), getsockname(), and getpeername(),
* reconstructing addresses from environment variables:
* NCAT_LOCAL_ADDR NCAT_LOCAL_PORT
* NCAT_REMOTE_ADDR NCAT_REMOTE_PORT
* NCAT_PROTO (TCP, UDP, SCTP)
*/
connection *con;
const server_socket *srv_socket;
sock_addr cnt_addr;
/* detect if called from netcat or else fabricate localhost addrs */
const char * const ncat =
getenv("NCAT_LOCAL_ADDR");
const char * const ncat_local_addr =
ncat ? ncat : "127.0.0.1"; /*(fabricated)*/
const char * const ncat_local_port =
ncat ? getenv("NCAT_LOCAL_PORT") : "80"; /*(fabricated)*/
const char * const ncat_remote_addr =
ncat ? getenv("NCAT_REMOTE_ADDR") : "127.0.0.1"; /*(fabricated)*/
const char * const ncat_remote_port =
ncat ? getenv("NCAT_REMOTE_PORT") : "48080"; /*(fabricated)*/
if (NULL == ncat_local_addr || NULL == ncat_local_port) return 0;
if (NULL == ncat_remote_addr || NULL == ncat_remote_port) return 0;
const int family = ncat && strchr(ncat_local_addr,':') ? AF_INET6 : AF_INET;
unsigned short port;
port = (unsigned short)strtol(ncat_local_port, NULL, 10);
if (1 != sock_addr_inet_pton(&cnt_addr, ncat_local_addr, family, port)) {
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "invalid local addr");
return 0;
}
srv_socket = server_oneshot_getsock(srv, &cnt_addr);
if (NULL == srv_socket) return 0;
port = (unsigned short)strtol(ncat_remote_port, NULL, 10);
if (1 != sock_addr_inet_pton(&cnt_addr, ncat_remote_addr, family, port)) {
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "invalid remote addr");
return 0;
}
/*(must set flags; fd did not pass through fdevent accept() logic)*/
if (-1 == fdevent_fcntl_set_nb_cloexec(fdin)) {
log_perror(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "fcntl()");
return 0;
}
if (-1 == fdevent_fcntl_set_nb_cloexec(fdout)) {
log_perror(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "fcntl()");
return 0;
}
con = connection_accepted(srv, srv_socket, &cnt_addr, fdout);
if (NULL == con) return 0;
/* note: existing routines assume socket, not pipe
* connections.c:connection_read_cq()
* uses recv() ifdef __WIN32
* passes S_IFSOCK to fdevent_ioctl_fionread()
* (The routine could be copied and modified, if required)
* This is unlikely to work if TLS is used over pipe since the SSL_CTX
* is associated with the other end of the pipe. However, if using
* pipes, using TLS is unexpected behavior.
*/
/*assert(oneshot_fd == fdin);*/
oneshot_read_cq = con->network_read;
con->network_read = server_oneshot_read_cq;
oneshot_fdn =
fdevent_register(srv->ev, fdin, server_oneshot_handle_fdevent, con);
fdevent_fdnode_event_set(srv->ev, oneshot_fdn, FDEVENT_RDHUP);
connection_state_machine(con);
return 1;
}
__attribute_cold__
static int server_oneshot_init(server *srv, int fd) {
connection *con;
const server_socket *srv_socket;
sock_addr cnt_addr;
socklen_t cnt_len;
cnt_len = sizeof(cnt_addr);
if (0 != getsockname(fd, (struct sockaddr *)&cnt_addr, &cnt_len)) {
log_perror(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "getsockname()");
return 0;
}
srv_socket = server_oneshot_getsock(srv, &cnt_addr);
if (NULL == srv_socket) return 0;
#ifdef __clang_analyzer__
memset(&cnt_addr, 0, sizeof(cnt_addr));
#endif
cnt_len = sizeof(cnt_addr);
if (0 != getpeername(fd, (struct sockaddr *)&cnt_addr, &cnt_len)) {
log_perror(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "getpeername()");
return 0;
}
/*(must set flags; fd did not pass through fdevent accept() logic)*/
if (-1 == fdevent_fcntl_set_nb_cloexec(fd)) {
log_perror(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "fcntl()");
return 0;
}
if (sock_addr_get_family(&cnt_addr) != AF_UNIX) {
network_accept_tcp_nagle_disable(fd);
}
con = connection_accepted(srv, srv_socket, &cnt_addr, fd);
if (NULL == con) return 0;
connection_state_machine(con);
return 1;
}
__attribute_cold__
static void show_version (void) {
char *b = PACKAGE_DESC TEXT_SSL \
" - a light and fast webserver\n"
#ifdef NONREPRODUCIBLE_BUILD
"Build-Date: " __DATE__ " " __TIME__ "\n";
#endif
;
write_all(STDOUT_FILENO, b, strlen(b));
}
__attribute_cold__
static void show_features (void) {
static const char features[] =
"\nFeatures:\n\n"
#ifdef HAVE_IPV6
"\t+ IPv6 support\n"
#else
"\t- IPv6 support\n"
#endif
#if defined HAVE_ZLIB_H && defined HAVE_LIBZ
"\t+ zlib support\n"
#else
"\t- zlib support\n"
#endif
#if defined HAVE_ZSTD_H && defined HAVE_ZSTD
"\t+ zstd support\n"
#else
"\t- zstd support\n"
#endif
#if defined HAVE_BZLIB_H && defined HAVE_LIBBZ2
"\t+ bzip2 support\n"
#else
"\t- bzip2 support\n"
#endif
#if defined HAVE_BROTLI_ENCODE_H && defined HAVE_BROTLI
"\t+ brotli support\n"
#else
"\t- brotli support\n"
#endif
#if defined(HAVE_CRYPT) || defined(HAVE_CRYPT_R) || defined(HAVE_LIBCRYPT)
"\t+ crypt support\n"
#else
"\t- crypt support\n"
#endif
#ifdef USE_OPENSSL_CRYPTO
"\t+ OpenSSL support\n"
#else
"\t- OpenSSL support\n"
#endif
#ifdef USE_MBEDTLS_CRYPTO
"\t+ mbedTLS support\n"
#else
"\t- mbedTLS support\n"
#endif
#ifdef USE_NSS_CRYPTO
"\t+ NSS crypto support\n"
#else
"\t- NSS crypto support\n"
#endif
#ifdef USE_GNUTLS_CRYPTO
"\t+ GnuTLS support\n"
#else
"\t- GnuTLS support\n"
#endif
#ifdef USE_WOLFSSL_CRYPTO
"\t+ WolfSSL support\n"
#else
"\t- WolfSSL support\n"
#endif
#ifdef USE_NETTLE_CRYPTO
"\t+ Nettle support\n"
#else
"\t- Nettle support\n"
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_LIBPCRE
"\t+ PCRE support\n"
#else
"\t- PCRE support\n"
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_MYSQL
"\t+ MySQL support\n"
#else
"\t- MySQL support\n"
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_PGSQL
"\t+ PgSQL support\n"
#else
"\t- PgSQL support\n"
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_DBI
"\t+ DBI support\n"
#else
"\t- DBI support\n"
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_KRB5
"\t+ Kerberos support\n"
#else
"\t- Kerberos support\n"
#endif
#if defined(HAVE_LDAP_H) && defined(HAVE_LBER_H) && defined(HAVE_LIBLDAP) && defined(HAVE_LIBLBER)
"\t+ LDAP support\n"
#else
"\t- LDAP support\n"
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_PAM
"\t+ PAM support\n"
#else
"\t- PAM support\n"
#endif
#ifdef USE_MEMCACHED
"\t+ memcached support\n"
#else
"\t- memcached support\n"
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_FAM_H
"\t+ FAM support\n"
#else
"\t- FAM support\n"
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_LUA_H
"\t+ LUA support\n"
#else
"\t- LUA support\n"
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_LIBXML_H
"\t+ xml support\n"
#else
"\t- xml support\n"
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_SQLITE3_H
"\t+ SQLite support\n"
#else
"\t- SQLite support\n"
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_GDBM_H
"\t+ GDBM support\n"
#else
"\t- GDBM support\n"
#endif
;
show_version();
printf("%s%s%s%s\n",
fdevent_show_event_handlers(),
network_write_show_handlers(),
features,
sizeof(time_t) > 4 || (sizeof(time_t) == 4 && (time_t)-1 > (time_t)1)
? "\t+ Y2038 support\n"
: "\t- Y2038 support (unsafe 32-bit signed time_t)\n");
}
__attribute_cold__
static void show_help (void) {
char *b = PACKAGE_DESC TEXT_SSL
#ifdef NONREPRODUCIBLE_BUILD
" ("__DATE__ " " __TIME__ ")"
#endif
" - a light and fast webserver\n" \
"usage:\n" \
" -f <name> filename of the config-file\n" \
" -m <name> module directory (default: "LIBRARY_DIR")\n" \
" -i <secs> graceful shutdown after <secs> of inactivity\n" \
" -1 process single (one) request on stdin socket, then exit\n" \
" -p print the parsed config-file in internal form, and exit\n" \
" -t test config-file syntax, then exit\n" \
" -tt test config-file syntax, load and init modules, then exit\n" \
" -D don't go to background (default: go to background)\n" \
" -v show version\n" \
" -V show compile-time features\n" \
" -h show this help\n" \
"\n"
;
write_all(STDOUT_FILENO, b, strlen(b));
}
__attribute_cold__
__attribute_noinline__
static void server_sockets_save (server *srv) { /* graceful_restart */
for (uint32_t i = 0; i < srv->srv_sockets.used; ++i)
srv->srv_sockets.ptr[i]->srv = NULL; /* srv will shortly be invalid */
for (uint32_t i = 0; i < srv->srv_sockets_inherited.used; ++i)
srv->srv_sockets_inherited.ptr[i]->srv = NULL; /* srv to be invalid */
memcpy(&graceful_sockets, &srv->srv_sockets, sizeof(server_socket_array));
memset(&srv->srv_sockets, 0, sizeof(server_socket_array));
memcpy(&inherited_sockets, &srv->srv_sockets_inherited, sizeof(server_socket_array));
memset(&srv->srv_sockets_inherited, 0, sizeof(server_socket_array));
}
__attribute_cold__
__attribute_noinline__
static void server_sockets_restore (server *srv) { /* graceful_restart */
memcpy(&srv->srv_sockets, &graceful_sockets, sizeof(server_socket_array));
memset(&graceful_sockets, 0, sizeof(server_socket_array));
memcpy(&srv->srv_sockets_inherited, &inherited_sockets, sizeof(server_socket_array));
memset(&inherited_sockets, 0, sizeof(server_socket_array));
for (uint32_t i = 0; i < srv->srv_sockets.used; ++i)
srv->srv_sockets.ptr[i]->srv = srv; /* update ptr */
for (uint32_t i = 0; i < srv->srv_sockets_inherited.used; ++i)
srv->srv_sockets_inherited.ptr[i]->srv = srv; /* update ptr */
}
__attribute_cold__
static int server_sockets_set_nb_cloexec (server *srv) {
if (srv->sockets_disabled) return 0; /* lighttpd -1 (one-shot mode) */
for (uint32_t i = 0; i < srv->srv_sockets.used; ++i) {
server_socket *srv_socket = srv->srv_sockets.ptr[i];
if (-1 == fdevent_fcntl_set_nb_cloexec_sock(srv_socket->fd)) {
log_perror(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "fcntl()");
return -1;
}
}
return 0;
}
__attribute_cold__
static void server_sockets_set_event (server *srv, int event) {
for (uint32_t i = 0; i < srv->srv_sockets.used; ++i) {
server_socket *srv_socket = srv->srv_sockets.ptr[i];
fdevent_fdnode_event_set(srv->ev, srv_socket->fdn, event);
}
}
__attribute_cold__
static void server_sockets_unregister (server *srv) {
if (2 == srv->sockets_disabled) return;
srv->sockets_disabled = 2;
for (uint32_t i = 0; i < srv->srv_sockets.used; ++i)
network_unregister_sock(srv, srv->srv_sockets.ptr[i]);
}
__attribute_cold__
static void server_sockets_close (server *srv) {
/* closing socket right away will make it possible for the next lighttpd
* to take over (old-style graceful restart), but only if backends
* (e.g. fastcgi, scgi, etc) are independent from lighttpd, rather
* than started by lighttpd via "bin-path")
*/
if (3 == srv->sockets_disabled) return;
for (uint32_t i = 0; i < srv->srv_sockets.used; ++i) {
server_socket *srv_socket = srv->srv_sockets.ptr[i];
if (-1 == srv_socket->fd) continue;
if (2 != srv->sockets_disabled) network_unregister_sock(srv,srv_socket);
close(srv_socket->fd);
srv_socket->fd = -1;
/* network_close() will cleanup after us */
}
srv->sockets_disabled = 3;
}
__attribute_cold__
static void server_graceful_signal_prev_generation (void)
{
const char * const prev_gen = getenv("LIGHTTPD_PREV_GEN");
if (NULL == prev_gen) return;
pid_t pid = (pid_t)strtol(prev_gen, NULL, 10);
unsetenv("LIGHTTPD_PREV_GEN");
if (pid <= 0) return; /*(should not happen)*/
if (pid == fdevent_waitpid(pid,NULL,1)) return; /*(pid exited; unexpected)*/
kill(pid, SIGINT); /* signal previous generation for graceful shutdown */
}
__attribute_cold__
static int server_graceful_state_bg (server *srv) {
/*assert(graceful_restart);*/
/*(SIGUSR1 set to SIG_IGN in workers, so should not reach here if worker)*/
if (srv_shutdown) return 0;
if (NULL == srv->srvconf.feature_flags) return 0;
/* check if server should fork and background (bg) itself
* to continue processing requests already in progress */
data_unset * const du =
array_get_data_unset(srv->srvconf.feature_flags,
CONST_STR_LEN("server.graceful-restart-bg"));
if (!config_plugin_value_tobool(du, 0)) return 0;
/*(set flag to false to avoid repeating)*/
if (du->type == TYPE_STRING)
buffer_copy_string_len(&((data_string *)du)->value,
CONST_STR_LEN("false"));
else /* (du->type == TYPE_INTEGER) */
((data_integer *)du)->value = 0;
/* require exec'd via absolute path or daemon in foreground
* and exec'd with path containing '/' (e.g. "./xxxxx") */
char ** const argv = srv->argv;
if (0 == srv->srvconf.dont_daemonize
? argv[0][0] != '/'
: NULL == strchr(argv[0], '/')) return 0;
#if 0
/* disabled; not fully implemented
* srv->srvconf.systemd_socket_activation might be cleared in network_init()
* leading to issuing a false warning
*/
/* warn if server.systemd-socket-activation not enabled
* (While this warns on existing config rather than new config,
* it is probably a decent predictor for presence in new config) */
if (!srv->srvconf.systemd_socket_activation)
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"[note] server.systemd-socket-activation not enabled; "
"listen sockets will be closed and reopened");
#endif
/* flush log buffers to avoid potential duplication of entries
* server_handle_sighup(srv) does the following, but skip logging */
plugins_call_handle_sighup(srv);
fdlog_files_cycle(srv->errh); /* reopen log files, not pipes */
/* backgrounding to continue processing requests in progress */
/* re-exec lighttpd in original process
* Note: using path in re-exec is portable and allows lighttpd upgrade.
* OTOH, getauxval() AT_EXECFD and fexecve() could be used on Linux to
* re-exec without access to original executable on disk, which might be
* desirable in some situations, but is not implemented here.
* Alternatively, if argv[] was not available, could use readlink() on
* /proc/self/exe (Linux-specific), though there are ways on many other
* platforms to achieve the same:
* https://stackoverflow.com/questions/1023306/finding-current-executables-path-without-proc-self-exe
*/
#if defined(HAVE_KQUEUE)
#if defined(__FreeBSD__) || defined(__DragonFly__)
/*(must *exclude* rfork RFFDG flag for kqueue to work across rfork)*/
pid_t pid = rfork(RFPROC);
#else
pid_t pid = -1;
if (pid < 0) {
/* kqueue is not inherited across fork
* future: fdevent kqueue and stat_cache kqueue would need to be closed,
* re-opened, and active fds re-registered. Not current done.
* Need to create some routines like fdevent_reinit_after_fork*/
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"server.graceful-restart-bg ignored on OpenBSD and NetBSD "
"due to limitation in kqueue inheritance and lacking rfork");
return 0;
}
#endif
#else
pid_t pid = fork();
#endif
if (pid) { /* original process */
if (pid < 0) return 0;
network_socket_activation_to_env(srv);
/* save pid of original server in environment so that it can be
* signalled by restarted server once restarted server is ready
* to accept new connections */
server_graceful_signal_prev_generation();/*(expect no prev gen active)*/
if (0 == srv->srvconf.max_worker) {
buffer * const tb = srv->tmp_buf;
buffer_clear(tb);
buffer_append_int(tb, pid);
setenv("LIGHTTPD_PREV_GEN", tb->ptr, 1);
}
/*fdevent_waitpid(pid, NULL, 0);*//* detach? */
execv(argv[0], argv);
_exit(1);
}
/* else child/grandchild */
/*if (-1 == setsid()) _exit(1);*//* should we detach? */
/* Note: restarted server will fail with socket-in-use error if
* server.systemd-socket-activation not enabled in restarted server */
if (0 != srv->srvconf.max_worker)
server_sockets_close(srv);/*(close before parent reaps pid in waitpid)*/
/*if (0 != fork()) _exit(0);*//* should we detach? */
/*(grandchild is now backgrounded and detached from original process)*/
/* XXX: might extend code to have new server.feature-flags param specify
* max lifetime before aborting remaining connections */
/* (reached if lighttpd workers or if sole process w/o workers)
* use same code as comment elsewhere in server.c:
* make sure workers do not muck with pid-file */
if (0 <= pid_fd) {
close(pid_fd);
pid_fd = -1;
}
if (srv->srvconf.pid_file) buffer_clear(srv->srvconf.pid_file);
/* (original process is backgrounded -- even if no active connections --
* to allow graceful shutdown tasks to be run by server and by modules) */
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"[note] pid %lld continuing to handle %u connection(s) in progress",
(long long)getpid(), srv->srvconf.max_conns - srv->lim_conns);
if (0 == srv->srvconf.max_worker) {
/* reset graceful_shutdown; wait for signal from restarted server */
srv->graceful_expire_ts = 0;
graceful_shutdown = 0;
}
graceful_restart = 0;
return 1;
}
__attribute_cold__
__attribute_noinline__
static void server_graceful_shutdown_maint (server *srv) {
if (oneshot_fd) {
/* permit keep-alive on one-shot connections until graceful_expire_ts */
if (!srv->graceful_expire_ts) return;
if (srv->graceful_expire_ts >= log_monotonic_secs) return;
}
connection_graceful_shutdown_maint(srv);
}
__attribute_cold__
__attribute_noinline__
static void server_graceful_state (server *srv) {
if (!srv_shutdown) {
if (0 == srv->graceful_expire_ts && srv->srvconf.feature_flags) {
const data_unset * const du =
array_get_element_klen(srv->srvconf.feature_flags,
CONST_STR_LEN("server.graceful-shutdown-timeout"));
srv->graceful_expire_ts = config_plugin_value_to_int32(du, 0);
if (srv->graceful_expire_ts)
srv->graceful_expire_ts += log_monotonic_secs;
}
server_graceful_shutdown_maint(srv);
}
if (2 == srv->sockets_disabled || 3 == srv->sockets_disabled) {
if (oneshot_fd) graceful_restart = 0;
return;
}
log_error(srv->errh,__FILE__,__LINE__,"[note] graceful shutdown started");
/* no graceful restart if chroot()ed, if oneshot mode, or if idle timeout */
if (srv->srvconf.changeroot || oneshot_fd || 2 == graceful_shutdown)
graceful_restart = 0;
if (graceful_restart) {
if (!server_graceful_state_bg(srv))
server_sockets_unregister(srv);
if (pid_fd > 0) pid_fd = -pid_fd; /*(flag to skip removing pid file)*/
}
else {
server_sockets_close(srv);
remove_pid_file(srv);
/*(prevent more removal attempts)*/
if (srv->srvconf.pid_file) buffer_clear(srv->srvconf.pid_file);
}
}
__attribute_cold__
__attribute_noinline__
static void server_sockets_enable (server *srv) {
server_sockets_set_event(srv, FDEVENT_IN);
srv->sockets_disabled = 0;
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "[note] sockets enabled again");
}
__attribute_cold__
__attribute_noinline__
static void server_sockets_disable (server *srv) {
server_sockets_set_event(srv, 0);
srv->sockets_disabled = 1;
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
(0 == srv->lim_conns)
? "[note] sockets disabled, connection limit reached"
: "[note] sockets disabled, out-of-fds");
}
__attribute_cold__
static void server_overload_check (server *srv) {
if (srv->cur_fds < srv->max_fds_lowat && 0 != srv->lim_conns)
server_sockets_enable(srv);
}
static void server_load_check (server *srv) {
/* check if hit limits for num fds used or num connections */
if (srv->cur_fds > srv->max_fds_hiwat || 0 == srv->lim_conns)
server_sockets_disable(srv);
}
__attribute_cold__
__attribute_noinline__
static int server_main_setup (server * const srv, int argc, char **argv) {
int print_config = 0;
int test_config = 0;
int i_am_root = 0;
int o;
#ifdef HAVE_FORK
int num_childs = 0;
#endif
uint32_t i;
#ifdef HAVE_SIGACTION
struct sigaction act;
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_FORK
int parent_pipe_fd = -1;
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_GETUID
i_am_root = (0 == getuid());
#endif
/* initialize globals (including file-scoped static globals) */
oneshot_fd = 0;
oneshot_fdout = -1;
srv_shutdown = 0;
graceful_shutdown = 0;
handle_sig_alarm = 1;
handle_sig_hup = 0;
idle_limit = 0;
chunkqueue_set_tempdirs_default_reset();
/*graceful_restart = 0;*//*(reset below to avoid further daemonizing)*/
/*(intentionally preserved)*/
/*memset(graceful_sockets, 0, sizeof(graceful_sockets));*/
/*memset(inherited_sockets, 0, sizeof(inherited_sockets));*/
/*pid_fd = -1;*/
srv->argv = argv;
while(-1 != (o = getopt(argc, argv, "f:m:i:hvVD1pt"))) {
switch(o) {
case 'f':
if (srv->config_data_base) {
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"Can only read one config file. Use the include command to use multiple config files.");
return -1;
}
if (config_read(srv, optarg)) {
return -1;
}
break;
case 'm':
buffer_copy_string(srv->srvconf.modules_dir, optarg);
break;
case 'i': {
char *endptr;
long timeout = strtol(optarg, &endptr, 0);
if (!*optarg || *endptr || timeout < 0) {
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"Invalid idle timeout value: %s", optarg);
return -1;
}
idle_limit = (int)timeout;
break;
}
case 'p': print_config = 1; break;
case 't': ++test_config; break;
case '1': if (0 == oneshot_fd) oneshot_fd = dup(STDIN_FILENO);
break;
case 'D': srv->srvconf.dont_daemonize = 1; break;
case 'v': show_version(); return 0;
case 'V': show_features(); return 0;
case 'h': show_help(); return 0;
default:
show_help();
return -1;
}
}
#ifdef __CYGWIN__
if (!srv->config_data_base && NULL != getenv("NSSM_SERVICE_NAME")) {
char *dir = getenv("NSSM_SERVICE_DIR");
if (NULL != dir && 0 != chdir(dir)) {
log_perror(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "chdir %s failed", dir);
return -1;
}
srv->srvconf.dont_daemonize = 1;
buffer_copy_string_len(srv->srvconf.modules_dir, CONST_STR_LEN("modules"));
if (config_read(srv, "conf/lighttpd.conf")) return -1;
}
#endif
if (!srv->config_data_base) {
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"No configuration available. Try using -f option.");
return -1;
}
if (print_config) {
config_print(srv);
puts(srv->tmp_buf->ptr);
}
if (test_config) {
if (srv->srvconf.pid_file) buffer_clear(srv->srvconf.pid_file);
if (1 == test_config) {
printf("Syntax OK\n");
} else { /*(test_config > 1)*/
test_config = 0;
srv->srvconf.preflight_check = 1;
srv->srvconf.dont_daemonize = 1;
}
}
if (test_config || print_config) {
return 0;
}
if (oneshot_fd) {
if (oneshot_fd <= STDERR_FILENO) {
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"Invalid fds at startup with lighttpd -1");
return -1;
}
graceful_shutdown = 1;
srv->sockets_disabled = 2;
srv->srvconf.dont_daemonize = 1;
if (srv->srvconf.pid_file) buffer_clear(srv->srvconf.pid_file);
if (srv->srvconf.max_worker) {
srv->srvconf.max_worker = 0;
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"server one-shot command line option disables server.max-worker config file option.");
}
struct stat st;
if (0 != fstat(oneshot_fd, &st)) {
log_perror(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "fstat()");
return -1;
}
if (S_ISFIFO(st.st_mode)) {
oneshot_fdout = dup(STDOUT_FILENO);
if (oneshot_fdout <= STDERR_FILENO) {
log_perror(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "dup()");
return -1;
}
}
else if (!S_ISSOCK(st.st_mode)) {
/* require that fd is a socket
* (modules might expect STDIN_FILENO and STDOUT_FILENO opened to /dev/null) */
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"lighttpd -1 stdin is not a socket");
return -1;
}
}
if (srv->srvconf.bindhost && buffer_is_equal_string(srv->srvconf.bindhost, CONST_STR_LEN("/dev/stdin"))) {
if (-1 == srv->stdin_fd)
srv->stdin_fd = dup(STDIN_FILENO);
if (srv->stdin_fd <= STDERR_FILENO) {
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"Invalid fds at startup");
return -1;
}
}
/* close stdin and stdout, as they are not needed */
{
struct stat st;
int devnull;
int errfd;
do {
/* coverity[overwrite_var : FALSE] */
devnull = fdevent_open_devnull();
#ifdef __COVERITY__
__coverity_escape__(devnull);
#endif
} while (-1 != devnull && devnull <= STDERR_FILENO);
if (-1 == devnull) {
log_perror(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"opening /dev/null failed");
return -1;
}
errfd = (0 == fstat(STDERR_FILENO, &st)) ? -1 : devnull;
if (0 != fdevent_set_stdin_stdout_stderr(devnull, devnull, errfd)) {
log_perror(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"setting default fds failed");
#ifdef FD_CLOEXEC
if (-1 != errfd) close(errfd);
if (devnull != errfd) close(devnull);
#endif
return -1;
}
#ifdef FD_CLOEXEC
if (-1 != errfd) close(errfd);
if (devnull != errfd) close(devnull);
#endif
}
http_response_send_1xx_cb_set(NULL, HTTP_VERSION_2);
if (srv->srvconf.feature_flags
&& !config_plugin_value_tobool(
array_get_element_klen(srv->srvconf.feature_flags,
CONST_STR_LEN("server.h2-discard-backend-1xx")), 0))
http_response_send_1xx_cb_set(h2_send_1xx,
HTTP_VERSION_2);
http_response_send_1xx_cb_set(NULL, HTTP_VERSION_1_1);
if (srv->srvconf.feature_flags
&& !config_plugin_value_tobool(
array_get_element_klen(srv->srvconf.feature_flags,
CONST_STR_LEN("server.h1-discard-backend-1xx")), 0))
http_response_send_1xx_cb_set(connection_send_1xx,
HTTP_VERSION_1_1);
if (0 != config_set_defaults(srv)) {
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"setting default values failed");
return -1;
}
if (plugins_load(srv)) {
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"loading plugins finally failed");
return -1;
}
if (HANDLER_GO_ON != plugins_call_init(srv)) {
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"Initialization of plugins failed. Going down.");
return -1;
}
/* mod_indexfile should be listed in server.modules prior to dynamic handlers */
i = 0;
for (const char *pname = NULL; i < srv->plugins.used; ++i) {
plugin *p = ((plugin **)srv->plugins.ptr)[i];
if (NULL != pname && 0 == strcmp(p->name, "indexfile")) {
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"Warning: mod_indexfile should be listed in server.modules prior to mod_%s", pname);
break;
}
if (p->handle_subrequest_start && p->handle_subrequest) {
if (!pname) pname = p->name;
}
}
/* open pid file BEFORE chroot */
if (-2 == pid_fd) pid_fd = -1; /*(initial startup state)*/
if (-1 == pid_fd && srv->srvconf.pid_file) {
const char *pidfile = srv->srvconf.pid_file->ptr;
if (-1 == (pid_fd = fdevent_open_cloexec(pidfile, 0, O_WRONLY | O_CREAT | O_EXCL | O_TRUNC, S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR | S_IRGRP | S_IROTH))) {
struct stat st;
if (errno != EEXIST) {
log_perror(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"opening pid-file failed: %s", pidfile);
return -1;
}
if (0 != stat(pidfile, &st)) {
log_perror(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"stating existing pid-file failed: %s", pidfile);
}
if (!S_ISREG(st.st_mode)) {
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"pid-file exists and isn't regular file: %s", pidfile);
return -1;
}
if (-1 == (pid_fd = fdevent_open_cloexec(pidfile, 0, O_WRONLY | O_CREAT | O_TRUNC, S_IRUSR | S_IWUSR | S_IRGRP | S_IROTH))) {
log_perror(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"opening pid-file failed: %s", pidfile);
return -1;
}
}
}
{
#ifdef HAVE_GETRLIMIT
struct rlimit rlim = { 4096, 4096 };
int use_rlimit = 1;
#ifdef HAVE_VALGRIND_VALGRIND_H
if (RUNNING_ON_VALGRIND) use_rlimit = 0;
#endif
if (0 != getrlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE, &rlim)) {
log_perror(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "getrlimit()");
use_rlimit = 0;
}
/**
* if we are not root can can't increase the fd-limit above rlim_max, but we can reduce it
*/
if (use_rlimit && srv->srvconf.max_fds
&& (i_am_root || srv->srvconf.max_fds <= rlim.rlim_max)) {
/* set rlimits */
rlim.rlim_cur = srv->srvconf.max_fds;
if (i_am_root) rlim.rlim_max = srv->srvconf.max_fds;
if (0 != setrlimit(RLIMIT_NOFILE, &rlim)) {
log_perror(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "setrlimit()");
return -1;
}
}
/*(default upper limit of 4k if server.max-fds not specified)*/
if (0 == srv->srvconf.max_fds)
srv->srvconf.max_fds = (rlim.rlim_cur <= 4096)
? (unsigned short)rlim.rlim_cur
: 4096;
/* set core file rlimit, if enable_cores is set */
if (use_rlimit && srv->srvconf.enable_cores && getrlimit(RLIMIT_CORE, &rlim) == 0) {
rlim.rlim_cur = rlim.rlim_max;
setrlimit(RLIMIT_CORE, &rlim);
}
#endif
}
/* we need root-perms for port < 1024 */
if (0 != network_init(srv, srv->stdin_fd)) {
return -1;
}
srv->stdin_fd = -1;
if (i_am_root) {
#ifdef HAVE_PWD_H
/* set user and group */
struct group *grp = NULL;
struct passwd *pwd = NULL;
if (srv->srvconf.groupname) {
if (NULL == (grp = getgrnam(srv->srvconf.groupname->ptr))) {
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"can't find groupname %s", srv->srvconf.groupname->ptr);
return -1;
}
}
if (srv->srvconf.username) {
if (NULL == (pwd = getpwnam(srv->srvconf.username->ptr))) {
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"can't find username %s", srv->srvconf.username->ptr);
return -1;
}
if (pwd->pw_uid == 0) {
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"I will not set uid to 0\n");
return -1;
}
if (NULL == grp && NULL == (grp = getgrgid(pwd->pw_gid))) {
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"can't find group id %d", (int)pwd->pw_gid);
return -1;
}
}
if (NULL != grp) {
if (grp->gr_gid == 0) {
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"I will not set gid to 0\n");
return -1;
}
}
/*
* Change group before chroot, when we have access
* to /etc/group
* */
if (NULL != grp) {
if (-1 == setgid(grp->gr_gid)) {
log_perror(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "setgid()");
return -1;
}
if (-1 == setgroups(0, NULL)) {
log_perror(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "setgroups()");
return -1;
}
if (srv->srvconf.username) {
initgroups(srv->srvconf.username->ptr, grp->gr_gid);
}
}
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_CHROOT
if (srv->srvconf.changeroot) {
tzset();
if (-1 == chroot(srv->srvconf.changeroot->ptr)) {
log_perror(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "chroot()");
return -1;
}
if (-1 == chdir("/")) {
log_perror(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "chdir()");
return -1;
}
}
#endif
#ifdef HAVE_PWD_H
/* drop root privs */
if (NULL != pwd) {
if (-1 == setuid(pwd->pw_uid)) {
log_perror(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "setuid()");
return -1;
}
}
#endif
#if defined(HAVE_SYS_PRCTL_H) && defined(PR_SET_DUMPABLE)
/**
* on IRIX 6.5.30 they have prctl() but no DUMPABLE
*/
if (srv->srvconf.enable_cores) {
prctl(PR_SET_DUMPABLE, 1, 0, 0, 0);
}
#endif
}
#ifdef HAVE_FORK
/* network is up, let's daemonize ourself */
if (0 == srv->srvconf.dont_daemonize && 0 == graceful_restart) {
parent_pipe_fd = daemonize();
}
#endif
graceful_restart = 0;/*(reset here after avoiding further daemonizing)*/
if (0 == oneshot_fd) graceful_shutdown = 0;
#ifdef HAVE_SIGACTION
memset(&act, 0, sizeof(act));
act.sa_handler = SIG_IGN;
sigaction(SIGPIPE, &act, NULL);
# if defined(SA_SIGINFO)
last_sighup_info.si_uid = 0,
last_sighup_info.si_pid = 0;
last_sigterm_info.si_uid = 0,
last_sigterm_info.si_pid = 0;
act.sa_sigaction = sigaction_handler;
sigemptyset(&act.sa_mask);
act.sa_flags = SA_SIGINFO;
# else
act.sa_handler = signal_handler;
sigemptyset(&act.sa_mask);
act.sa_flags = 0;
# endif
sigaction(SIGINT, &act, NULL);
sigaction(SIGTERM, &act, NULL);
sigaction(SIGHUP, &act, NULL);
sigaction(SIGALRM, &act, NULL);
sigaction(SIGUSR1, &act, NULL);
/* it should be safe to restart syscalls after SIGCHLD */
act.sa_flags |= SA_RESTART | SA_NOCLDSTOP;
sigaction(SIGCHLD, &act, NULL);
#elif defined(HAVE_SIGNAL)
/* ignore the SIGPIPE from sendfile() */
signal(SIGPIPE, SIG_IGN);
signal(SIGALRM, signal_handler);
signal(SIGTERM, signal_handler);
signal(SIGHUP, signal_handler);
signal(SIGCHLD, signal_handler);
signal(SIGINT, signal_handler);
signal(SIGUSR1, signal_handler);
#endif
srv->gid = getgid();
srv->uid = getuid();
srv->pid = getpid();
/* write pid file */
if (pid_fd > 2) {
buffer * const tb = srv->tmp_buf;
buffer_clear(tb);
buffer_append_int(tb, srv->pid);
buffer_append_string_len(tb, CONST_STR_LEN("\n"));
if (-1 == write_all(pid_fd, BUF_PTR_LEN(tb))) {
log_perror(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "Couldn't write pid file");
close(pid_fd);
pid_fd = -1;
return -1;
}
} else if (pid_fd < -2) {
pid_fd = -pid_fd;
}
/* Close stderr ASAP in the child process to make sure that nothing
* is being written to that fd which may not be valid anymore. */
if (!srv->srvconf.preflight_check) {
if (-1 == config_log_error_open(srv)) {
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "Opening errorlog failed. Going down.");
return -1;
}
if (!oneshot_fd)
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "server started (" PACKAGE_DESC ")");
}
if (HANDLER_GO_ON != plugins_call_set_defaults(srv)) {
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "Configuration of plugins failed. Going down.");
return -1;
}
if (!config_finalize(srv, &default_server_tag)) {
return -1;
}
if (srv->srvconf.preflight_check) {
/*printf("Preflight OK");*//*(stdout reopened to /dev/null)*/
return 0;
}
#ifdef HAVE_FORK
/**
* notify daemonize-grandparent of successful startup
* do this before any further forking is done (workers)
*/
if (0 == srv->srvconf.dont_daemonize && -1 != parent_pipe_fd) {
if (0 > write(parent_pipe_fd, "", 1)) return -1;
close(parent_pipe_fd);
}
if (idle_limit && srv->srvconf.max_worker) {
srv->srvconf.max_worker = 0;
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"server idle time limit command line option disables server.max-worker config file option.");
}
/* start watcher and workers */
num_childs = srv->srvconf.max_worker;
if (num_childs > 0) {
pid_t pids[num_childs];
pid_t pid;
const int npids = num_childs;
int child = 0;
unsigned int timer = 0;
for (int n = 0; n < npids; ++n) pids[n] = -1;
server_graceful_signal_prev_generation();
while (!child && !srv_shutdown && !graceful_shutdown) {
if (num_childs > 0) {
switch ((pid = fork())) {
case -1:
return -1;
case 0:
child = 1;
alarm(0);
break;
default:
num_childs--;
for (int n = 0; n < npids; ++n) {
if (-1 == pids[n]) {
pids[n] = pid;
break;
}
}
break;
}
} else {
int status;
if (-1 != (pid = fdevent_waitpid_intr(-1, &status))) {
log_monotonic_secs = server_monotonic_secs();
log_epoch_secs = server_epoch_secs(srv);
if (plugins_call_handle_waitpid(srv, pid, status) != HANDLER_GO_ON) {
if (!timer) alarm((timer = 5));
continue;
}
switch (fdlog_pipes_waitpid_cb(pid)) {
default: break;
case -1: if (!timer) alarm((timer = 5));
__attribute_fallthrough__
case 1: continue;
}
/**
* check if one of our workers went away
*/
for (int n = 0; n < npids; ++n) {
if (pid == pids[n]) {
pids[n] = -1;
num_childs++;
break;
}
}
} else {
switch (errno) {
case EINTR:
log_monotonic_secs = server_monotonic_secs();
log_epoch_secs = server_epoch_secs(srv);
/**
* if we receive a SIGHUP we have to close our logs ourself as we don't
* have the mainloop who can help us here
*/
if (handle_sig_hup) {
handle_sig_hup = 0;
fdlog_files_cycle(srv->errh); /* reopen log files, not pipes */
/* forward SIGHUP to workers */
for (int n = 0; n < npids; ++n) {
if (pids[n] > 0) kill(pids[n], SIGHUP);
}
}
if (handle_sig_alarm) {
handle_sig_alarm = 0;
timer = 0;
plugins_call_handle_trigger(srv);
fdlog_pipes_restart(log_monotonic_secs);
}
break;
default:
break;
}
}
}
}
/**
* for the parent this is the exit-point
*/
if (!child) {
/**
* kill all children too
*/
if (graceful_shutdown || graceful_restart) {
/* flag to ignore one SIGINT if graceful_restart */
if (graceful_restart) graceful_restart = 2;
kill(0, SIGINT);
server_graceful_state(srv);
} else if (srv_shutdown) {
kill(0, SIGTERM);
}
return 0;
}
/* ignore SIGUSR1 in workers; only parent directs graceful restart */
#ifdef HAVE_SIGACTION
{
struct sigaction actignore;
memset(&actignore, 0, sizeof(actignore));
actignore.sa_handler = SIG_IGN;
sigaction(SIGUSR1, &actignore, NULL);
}
#elif defined(HAVE_SIGNAL)
signal(SIGUSR1, SIG_IGN);
#endif
/**
* make sure workers do not muck with pid-file
*/
if (0 <= pid_fd) {
close(pid_fd);
pid_fd = -1;
}
if (srv->srvconf.pid_file) buffer_clear(srv->srvconf.pid_file);
fdlog_pipes_abandon_pids();
srv->pid = getpid();
li_rand_reseed();
}
#endif
srv->max_fds = (int)srv->srvconf.max_fds;
if (srv->max_fds < 32) /*(sanity check; not expected)*/
srv->max_fds = 32; /*(server load checks will fail if too low)*/
srv->ev = fdevent_init(srv->srvconf.event_handler, &srv->max_fds, &srv->cur_fds, srv->errh);
if (NULL == srv->ev) {
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "fdevent_init failed");
return -1;
}
srv->max_fds_lowat = srv->max_fds * 8 / 10;
srv->max_fds_hiwat = srv->max_fds * 9 / 10;
/* set max-conns */
if (srv->srvconf.max_conns > srv->max_fds/2) {
/* we can't have more connections than max-fds/2 */
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"can't have more connections than fds/2: %hu %d",
srv->srvconf.max_conns, srv->max_fds);
srv->lim_conns = srv->srvconf.max_conns = srv->max_fds/2;
} else if (srv->srvconf.max_conns) {
/* otherwise respect the wishes of the user */
srv->lim_conns = srv->srvconf.max_conns;
} else {
/* or use the default: we really don't want to hit max-fds */
srv->lim_conns = srv->srvconf.max_conns = srv->max_fds/3;
}
/* libev backend overwrites our SIGCHLD handler and calls waitpid on SIGCHLD; we want our own SIGCHLD handling. */
#ifdef HAVE_SIGACTION
sigaction(SIGCHLD, &act, NULL);
#elif defined(HAVE_SIGNAL)
signal(SIGCHLD, signal_handler);
#endif
/*
* kqueue() is called here, select resets its internals,
* all server sockets get their handlers
*
* */
if (0 != network_register_fdevents(srv)) {
return -1;
}
/* might fail if user is using fam (not gamin) and famd isn't running */
if (!stat_cache_init(srv->ev, srv->errh)) {
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"stat-cache could not be setup, dying.");
return -1;
}
#ifdef USE_ALARM
{
/* setup periodic timer (1 second) */
struct itimerval interval;
interval.it_interval.tv_sec = 1;
interval.it_interval.tv_usec = 0;
interval.it_value.tv_sec = 1;
interval.it_value.tv_usec = 0;
if (setitimer(ITIMER_REAL, &interval, NULL)) {
log_perror(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__, "setitimer()");
return -1;
}
}
#endif
/* get the current number of FDs */
{
int fd = fdevent_open_devnull();
if (fd >= 0) {
srv->cur_fds = fd;
close(fd);
}
}
if (0 != server_sockets_set_nb_cloexec(srv)) {
return -1;
}
/* plugin hook for worker_init */
if (HANDLER_GO_ON != plugins_call_worker_init(srv))
return -1;
if (oneshot_fdout > 0) {
if (server_oneshot_init_pipe(srv, oneshot_fd, oneshot_fdout)) {
oneshot_fd = -1;
oneshot_fdout = -1;
}
}
else if (oneshot_fd && server_oneshot_init(srv, oneshot_fd)) {
oneshot_fd = -1;
}
if (0 == srv->srvconf.max_worker)
server_graceful_signal_prev_generation();
return 1;
}
__attribute_cold__
__attribute_noinline__
static void server_handle_sighup (server * const srv) {
/* cycle logfiles */
plugins_call_handle_sighup(srv);
fdlog_files_cycle(srv->errh); /* reopen log files, not pipes */
#ifdef HAVE_SIGACTION
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"logfiles cycled UID = %d PID = %d",
(int)last_sighup_info.si_uid,
(int)last_sighup_info.si_pid);
#else
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"logfiles cycled");
#endif
}
__attribute_noinline__
static void server_handle_sigalrm (server * const srv, unix_time64_t mono_ts, unix_time64_t last_active_ts) {
plugins_call_handle_trigger(srv);
log_monotonic_secs = mono_ts;
log_epoch_secs = server_epoch_secs(srv);
/* check idle time limit, if enabled */
if (idle_limit && idle_limit < mono_ts - last_active_ts && !graceful_shutdown) {
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"[note] idle timeout %ds exceeded, "
"initiating graceful shutdown", (int)idle_limit);
graceful_shutdown = 2; /* value 2 indicates idle timeout */
if (graceful_restart) {
graceful_restart = 0;
if (pid_fd < -2) pid_fd = -pid_fd;
server_sockets_close(srv);
}
}
#ifdef HAVE_GETLOADAVG
/* refresh loadavg data every 30 seconds */
if (srv->loadts + 30 < mono_ts) {
if (-1 != getloadavg(srv->loadavg, 3)) {
srv->loadts = mono_ts;
}
}
#endif
if (0 == (mono_ts & 0x3f)) { /*(once every 64 secs)*/
/* free logger buffers every 64 secs */
fdlog_flushall(srv->errh);
/* free excess chunkqueue buffers every 64 secs */
chunkqueue_chunk_pool_clear();
/* clear request and connection pools every 64 secs */
request_pool_free();
connections_pool_clear(srv);
#if defined(HAVE_MALLOC_TRIM)
if (malloc_trim_fn) malloc_trim_fn(malloc_top_pad);
#endif
/* attempt to restart dead piped loggers every 64 secs */
if (0 == srv->srvconf.max_worker)
fdlog_pipes_restart(mono_ts);
}
/* cleanup stat-cache */
stat_cache_trigger_cleanup();
/* reset global/aggregate rate limit counters */
config_reset_config_bytes_sec(srv->config_data_base);
/* if graceful_shutdown, accelerate cleanup of recently completed request/responses */
if (graceful_shutdown && !srv_shutdown)
server_graceful_shutdown_maint(srv);
connection_periodic_maint(srv, mono_ts);
}
__attribute_noinline__
static void server_handle_sigchld (server * const srv) {
pid_t pid;
do {
int status;
pid = fdevent_waitpid(-1, &status, 1);
if (pid > 0) {
if (plugins_call_handle_waitpid(srv, pid, status) != HANDLER_GO_ON) {
continue;
}
if (0 == srv->srvconf.max_worker) {
/* check piped-loggers and restart, even if shutting down */
if (fdlog_pipes_waitpid_cb(pid)) {
continue;
}
}
}
} while (pid > 0 || (-1 == pid && errno == EINTR));
}
__attribute_hot__
__attribute_nonnull__
static void server_run_con_queue (connection * const restrict joblist, const connection * const sentinel) {
for (connection *con = joblist, *jqnext; con != sentinel; con = jqnext) {
jqnext = con->jqnext;
con->jqnext = NULL;
connection_state_machine(con);
}
}
__attribute_hot__
__attribute_noinline__
static void server_main_loop (server * const srv) {
unix_time64_t last_active_ts = server_monotonic_secs();
log_epoch_secs = server_epoch_secs(srv);
while (!srv_shutdown) {
if (handle_sig_hup) {
handle_sig_hup = 0;
server_handle_sighup(srv);
}
/*(USE_ALARM not used; fdevent_poll() is effective periodic timer)*/
#ifdef USE_ALARM
if (handle_sig_alarm) {
handle_sig_alarm = 0;
#endif
unix_time64_t mono_ts = server_monotonic_secs();
if (mono_ts != log_monotonic_secs) {
server_handle_sigalrm(srv, mono_ts, last_active_ts);
}
#ifdef USE_ALARM
}
#endif
if (handle_sig_child) {
handle_sig_child = 0;
server_handle_sigchld(srv);
}
if (graceful_shutdown) {
server_graceful_state(srv);
if (NULL == srv->conns && graceful_shutdown) {
/* we are in graceful shutdown phase and all connections are closed
* we are ready to terminate without harming anyone */
srv_shutdown = 1;
break;
}
} else if (srv->sockets_disabled) {
server_overload_check(srv);
} else {
server_load_check(srv);
}
static connection * const sentinel =
(connection *)(uintptr_t)&log_con_jqueue;
connection * const joblist = log_con_jqueue;
log_con_jqueue = sentinel;
server_run_con_queue(joblist, sentinel);
if (fdevent_poll(srv->ev, log_con_jqueue != sentinel ? 0 : 1000) > 0)
last_active_ts = log_monotonic_secs;
}
}
__attribute_cold__
__attribute_noinline__
static int main_init_once (void) {
#ifdef HAVE_GETUID
#ifndef HAVE_ISSETUGID
#define issetugid() (geteuid() != getuid() || getegid() != getgid())
#endif
if (0 != getuid() && issetugid()) { /*check as early as possible in main()*/
fprintf(stderr,
"Are you nuts ? Don't apply a SUID bit to this binary\n");
return 0;
}
#endif
#if defined(HAVE_MALLOPT) && defined(M_ARENA_MAX)
#ifdef LIGHTTPD_STATIC
mallopt(M_ARENA_MAX, 2); /*(ignore error, if any)*/
#else
{
int (*mallopt_fn)(int, int);
mallopt_fn = (int (*)(int, int))(intptr_t)dlsym(RTLD_DEFAULT,"mallopt");
if (mallopt_fn) mallopt_fn(M_ARENA_MAX, 2); /*(ignore error, if any)*/
}
#endif
#endif
#if defined(HAVE_MALLOC_TRIM)
malloc_top_pad = 524288;
{
const char * const top_pad_str = getenv("MALLOC_TOP_PAD_");
if (top_pad_str) {
unsigned long top_pad = strtoul(top_pad_str, NULL, 10);
if (top_pad != ULONG_MAX) malloc_top_pad = (size_t)top_pad;
}
}
#ifdef LIGHTTPD_STATIC
malloc_trim_fn = malloc_trim;
#else
malloc_trim_fn =
(int (*)(size_t))(intptr_t)dlsym(RTLD_DEFAULT,"malloc_trim");
#endif
#endif
/* for nice %b handling in strftime() */
setlocale(LC_TIME, "C");
tzset();
return 1;
}
__attribute_cold__
int main (int argc, char ** argv) {
if (!main_init_once()) return -1;
int rc;
do {
server * const srv = server_init();
if (graceful_restart) {
server_sockets_restore(srv);
optind = 1;
}
rc = server_main_setup(srv, argc, argv);
if (rc > 0) {
server_main_loop(srv);
if (graceful_shutdown || graceful_restart) {
server_graceful_state(srv);
}
if (NULL == srv->conns) rc = 0;
if (2 == graceful_shutdown) { /* value 2 indicates idle timeout */
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"server stopped after idle timeout");
} else if (!oneshot_fd) {
#ifdef HAVE_SIGACTION
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"server stopped by UID = %d PID = %d",
(int)last_sigterm_info.si_uid,
(int)last_sigterm_info.si_pid);
#else
log_error(srv->errh, __FILE__, __LINE__,
"server stopped");
#endif
}
}
/* clean-up */
remove_pid_file(srv);
config_log_error_close(srv);
if (graceful_restart)
server_sockets_save(srv);
else
network_close(srv);
request_pool_free();
connections_free(srv);
plugins_free(srv);
server_free(srv);
if (rc < 0 || !graceful_restart) break;
/* wait for all children to exit before graceful restart */
while (fdevent_waitpid(-1, NULL, 0) > 0) ;
} while (graceful_restart);
return rc;
}