lighttpd 1.4.x https://www.lighttpd.net/
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==================
Configuration File
==================
------------
Module: core
------------
:Author: Jan Kneschke
:Date: $Date$
:Revision: $Revision$
:abstract:
the layout of the configuration file
.. meta::
:keywords: lighttpd, configuration
.. contents:: Table of Contents
Description
===========
Basic Syntax
------------
A BNF like notation: ::
option : NAME = VALUE
merge : NAME += VALUE
NAME : modulename.key
VALUE : ( <string> | <integer> | <boolean> | <array> | VALUE [ + VALUE ]*)
<string> : "text"
<integer>: digit*
<boolean>: ( "enable" | "disable" )
<array> : "(" [ <string> "=>" ] <value> [, [ <string> "=>" ] <value> ]* ")"
INCLUDE : "include" VALUE
INCLUDE_SHELL : "include_shell" STRING_VALUE
Example
-------
::
# default document-root
server.document-root = "/var/www/example.org/pages/"
# TCP port
server.port = 80
# selecting modules
server.modules = ( "mod_access", "mod_rewrite" )
# variables, computed when config is read.
var.mymodule = "foo"
server.modules += ( "mod_" + var.mymodule )
# var.PID is initialised to the pid of lighttpd before config is parsed
# include, relative to dirname of main config file
include "mime.types.conf"
# read configuration from output of a command
include_shell "/usr/local/bin/confmimetype /etc/mime.types"
Conditional Configuration
=========================
Most options can be configured conditionally by using the following syntax
(including nesting).
::
<field> <operator> <value> {
...
<field> <operator> <value> {
... nesting: match only when parent match
}
}
else <field> <operator> <value> {
... the "else if" block
}
where <field> is one of one of the following:
$HTTP["cookie"]
match on cookie
$HTTP["scheme"]
match on scheme
$HTTP["host"]
match on host
$HTTP["useragent"]
$HTTP["user-agent"]
match on useragent
$HTTP["referer"]
match on referer
$HTTP["method"]
math on the http method
$HTTP["url"]
match on url
$HTTP["query-string"]
match on the (not decoded) query-string
$HTTP["remoteip"]
$HTTP["remote-ip"]
match on the remote IP or a remote Network
$HTTP["language"]
match on the Accept-Language header
$SERVER["socket"]
match on socket. Value must be on the format "ip:port" where ip is an IP
address and port a port number. Only equal match (==) is supported.
It also binds the daemon to this socket. Use this if you want to do IP/port-
based virtual hosts.
<operator> is one of:
==
string equal match
!=
string not equal match
=~
perl style regular expression match
!~
perl style regular expression not match
and <value> is either a quoted ("") literal string or regular expression.
Example
-------
::
# disable directory-listings for /download/*
dir-listing.activate = "enable"
$HTTP["url"] =~ "^/download/" {
dir-listing.activate = "disable"
}
# handish virtual hosting
# map all domains of a top-level-domain to a single document-root
$HTTP["host"] =~ "(^|\.)example\.org$" {
server.document-root = "/var/www/htdocs/example.org/pages/"
}
# multiple sockets
$SERVER["socket"] == "127.0.0.1:81" {
server.document-root = "..."
}
$SERVER["socket"] == "127.0.0.1:443" {
ssl.pemfile = "/var/www/certs/localhost.pem"
ssl.engine = "enable"
server.document-root = "/var/www/htdocs/secure.example.org/pages/"
}
# deny access for all googlebot
$HTTP["useragent"] =~ "Google" {
url.access-deny = ( "" )
}
# deny access for all image stealers
$HTTP["referer"] !~ "^($|http://www\.example\.org)" {
url.access-deny = ( ".jpg", ".jpeg", ".png" )
}
# deny the access to www.example.org to all user which
# are not in the 10.0.0.0/8 network
$HTTP["host"] == "www.example.org" {
$HTTP["remoteip"] != "10.0.0.0/8" {
url.access-deny = ( "" )
}
}
Using variables
===============
You can set your own variables in the configuration to simplify your config.
::
var.basedir = "/home/www/servers/"
$HTTP["host"] == "www.example.org" {
server.name = "www.example.org"
include "incl-base.conf"
}
in incl-base.conf:
server.document-root = basedir + server.name + "/pages/"
accesslog.filename = basedir + server.name + "/logs/access.log"
You can also use environment variables or the default variables var.PID and
var.CWD: ::
var.basedir = env.LIGHTTPDBASE
$HTTP["host"] == "www.example.org" {
server.name = "www.example.org"
include "incl-base.conf"
include "incl-fastcgi.conf"
}
in incl-fastcgi.conf:
fastcgi.server = ( ... => ((
"socket" => basedir + server.name + "/tmp/fastcgi-" + PID + ".sock"
)) )
Or like the lighttpd script for rails does:
var.basedir = var.CWD
server.document-root = basedir + "/public/"
Global context
==============
::
global {
...
}
You don't need it in the main configuration file. But you might have
difficulty setting server wide configuration inside a included-file from
conditionals.
Example
-------
::
in lighttpd.conf:
server.modules = ()
$HTTP["host"] == "www.example.org" {
include "incl-php.conf"
}
in incl-php.conf:
global {
server.modules += ("mod_fastcgi")
static-file.exclude-extensions += (".php")
}
fastcgi.server = "..."
Options
=======
server module
-------------
main sections
`````````````
server.document-root
document-root of the webserver
This variable has the specified as it will be used for all requests
without a Host: header and for all with a know hostname which you
might have specified with one of the above conditionals.
Default: no default, required
server.bind
IP address, hostname or absolute path to the unix-domain socket the server
listen on.
Default: bind to all interfaces
Example: ::
server.bind = "127.0.0.1"
server.bind = "www.example.org"
server.bind = "/tmp/lighttpd.socket"
server.port
tcp-port to bind the server to
.. note:: port belows 1024 require root-permissions
Default: 80 (443 if ssl is enabled)
server.use-ipv6
bind to the IPv6 socket
server.defer-accept
set TCP_DEFER_ACCEPT to the specified value on the socket if the value is > 0
and TCP_DEFER_ACCEPT is available on the platform (linux2.4+)
Default: 0
server.bsd-accept-filter
set SO_ACCEPTFILTER on listen sockets (*BSD systems, e.g. FreeBSD)
e.g. server.bsd-accept-filter = "httpready"
or server.bsd-accept-filter = "dataready"
Default: "" (none)
server.tag
set the string returned by the Server: response header
Default: lighttpd <current-version>
server.errorlog
pathname of the error-log
Default: either STDERR or ``server.errorlog-use-syslog``
server.errorlog-use-syslog
send errorlog to syslog
Default: disabled
server.chroot
root-directory of the server
NOTE: requires root-permissions
server.username
username used to run the server
NOTE: requires root-permissions
server.groupname
groupname used to run the server
NOTE: requires root-permissions
server.follow-symlink
allow to follow-symlinks
Default: enabled
index-file.names
list of files to search for if a directory is requested
e.g.: ::
index-file.names = ( "index.php", "index.html",
"index.htm", "default.htm" )
if a name starts with slash this file will be used a index generator
for all directories.
server.modules
modules to load
.. note:: the order of the modules is important.
The modules are executed in the order as they are specified. Loading
mod_auth AFTER mod_fastcgi might disable authentication for fastcgi
backends (if check-local is disabled).
As auth should be done first, move it before all executing modules (like
proxy, fastcgi, scgi and cgi).
rewrites, redirects and access should be first, followed by auth and
the docroot plugins.
Afterwards the external handlers like fastcgi, cgi, scgi and proxy and
at the bottom the post-processing plugins like mod_accesslog.
e.g.: ::
server.modules = ( "mod_rewrite",
"mod_redirect",
"mod_alias",
"mod_access",
"mod_auth",
"mod_authn_file",
"mod_status",
"mod_simple_vhost",
"mod_evhost",
"mod_userdir",
"mod_secdownload",
"mod_fastcgi",
"mod_proxy",
"mod_cgi",
"mod_ssi",
"mod_deflate",
"mod_usertrack",
"mod_expire",
"mod_rrdtool",
"mod_accesslog" )
Starting with lighttpd 1.4.0 three default modules are loaded automatically:
- mod_indexfile
- mod_dirlisting
- mod_staticfile
server.event-handler
set the event handler
Default: "poll"
server.pid-file
set the name of the .pid-file where the PID of the server should be placed.
This option is used in combination with a start-script and the daemon mode
Default: not set
server.max-request-size
maximum size in kbytes of the request (header + body). Only applies to POST
requests.
Default: 2097152 (2GB)
server.max-worker
number of worker processes to spawn. This is usually only needed on servers
which are fairly loaded and the network handler calls delay often (e.g. new
requests are not handled instantaneously).
Default: 0
server.name
name of the server/virtual server
Default: hostname
server.max-keep-alive-requests
maximum number of request within a keep-alive session before the server
terminates the connection
Default: 128
server.max-keep-alive-idle
maximum number of seconds until a idling keep-alive connection is dropped
Default: 30
server.max-read-idle
maximum number of seconds until a waiting, non keep-alive read times out
and closes the connection
Default: 60
server.max-write-idle
maximum number of seconds until a waiting write call times out and closes
the connection
Default: 360
server.error-handler-404
uri to call if the requested file results in a 404
Default: not set
Example: ::
server.error-handler-404 = "/error-404.php"
server.protocol-http11
defines if HTTP/1.1 is allowed or not.
Default: enabled
server.range-requests
defines if range requests are allowed or not.
Default: enabled
SSL engine
``````````
ssl.pemfile
path to the PEM file for SSL support
debugging
`````````
debug.dump-unknown-headers
enables listing of internally unhandled HTTP-headers
e.g. ::
debug.dump-unknown-headers = "enable"
mimetypes
`````````
mimetype.assign
list of known mimetype mappings
NOTE: if no mapping is given "application/octet-stream" is used
e.g.: ::
mimetype.assign = ( ".png" => "image/png",
".jpg" => "image/jpeg",
".jpeg" => "image/jpeg",
".html" => "text/html",
".txt" => "text/plain" )
The list is compared top down and the first match is taken. This is
important if you have matches like: ::
".tar.gz" => "application/x-tgz",
".gz" => "application/x-gzip",
If you want to set another default mimetype use: ::
...,
"" => "text/plain" )
as the last entry in the list.
mimetype.use-xattr
If available, use the XFS-style extended attribute interface to
retrieve the "Content-Type" attribute on each file, and use that as the
mime type. If it's not defined or not available, fall back to the
mimetype.assign assignment.
e.g.: ::
mimetype.use-xattr = "enable"
on shell use:
$ attr -s Content-Type -V image/svg svgfile.svg
or
$ attr -s Content-Type -V text/html indexfile
debugging
`````````
debug.log-request-header
default: disabled
debug.log-response-header
default: disabled
debug.log-file-not-found
default: disabled
debug.log-request-handling
default: disabled
debug.log-ssl-noise
default: disabled